Thabit ibn Nasr

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Thabit ibn Nasr ibn Malik al-Khuza'i (died 813/4) was an Abbasid general and governor of the Cilician frontier zone (al-thughur al-Sha'miya) with the Byzantine Empire in 808–813.

Thabit was a native of Khurasan,[1] and the grandson of Malik ibn al-Haytham al-Khuza'i, an early Abbasid follower and military leader.[2] He was appointed as governor of the Syrian thughur (essentially comprising Cilicia, with Tarsus as its capital) in the last year of the reign of Harun al-Rashid (808/9).[3][4] He organized a prisoner exchange with the Byzantines at Podandos in 808,[5][6] but also led a series of raiding expeditions (sawa'if) against them.[3] In one of these however, in August 812, he suffered a heavy defeat at the hands of Leo the Armenian, losing 2,000 men.[7][8]

From ca. 810, with the outbreak of a civil war between al-Amin and his brother al-Ma'mun, Thabit, like many other provincial governors and magnates, was able to assume virtually independent control of his province.[3][9] He died or was killed shortly after the final victory of Ma'mun in 813,[3] according to some accounts poisoned by his cousin Nasr ibn Hamza ibn Malik.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cobb (2001), p. 93
  2. ^ Crone (1980), p. 181
  3. ^ a b c d Crone (1980), p. 182
  4. ^ Bonner (1996), p. 95
  5. ^ Bonner (1996), p. 97
  6. ^ Venning (2006), p. 232
  7. ^ Theophanes the Confessor, Chronicle, AM 6303; ed. Mango & Scott (1997), p. 680
  8. ^ Venning (2006), p. 236
  9. ^ Cobb (2001), pp. 93–94
  10. ^ Crone (1980), p. 183

Sources[edit]

Unknown
Title last held by
Abu'l-Fawaris
Amir of Tarsus
808 – 813
Unknown
Title next held by
Ahmad ibn Sa'id ibn Salm ibn Qutayba al-Bahili