The Argus (Australia)
The Argus was a morning daily newspaper in Melbourne that was established in 1846 and closed in 1957. Widely known as a conservative newspaper for most of its history, it adopted a left leaning approach from 1949. The main competitor over the life of the newspaper was David Syme's more liberal-minded The Age.
The newspaper was originally owned by William Kerr, a journalist who had worked with the Sydney Gazette before moving to Melbourne in 1839 to work on John Pascoe Fawkner's Port Phillip Patriot. The first edition was published on 2 June 1846.
The paper was known for its scurrilous abuse and sarcasm and by 1853 Kerr lost ownership through a series of libel suits and was published under the name of Edward Wilson. The paper was also to become a stablemate to the weekly The Australasian which was to become The Australasian Post in 1946.
In 1949 the paper was acquired by the London based Daily Mirror newspaper group. On 28 July 1952, The Argus became the first newspaper in the world to publish colour photographs in a daily paper. The paper had interests in radio and, in 1956, the new medium of television, being part of the consortium General Telecasters Victoria (GTV), and its television station GTV-9. The company's newspaper operation experienced severe loss of profitability in the 1950s, attributable to increased costs of newsprint and acute competition for newspaper circulation in Melbourne. In 1957 the paper was discontinued and sold to the Herald and Weekly Times group (HWT), which undertook to re-employ Argus staff and continue publication of selected features. HWT made an allocation of shares to the UK owners. The final edition was published on 19 January 1957. The company's other print and broadcasting operations were unaffected.
Ironically, the takeover of The Argus by the powerful Mirror Group, of Fleet Street, led to hopes of a renaissance for The Argus. Fresh capital, new ideas, and new strategies from London. But instead, the new arrivals from England finished up destroying their new possession.
The Argus building
The Argus building, constructed in 1926 on the corner of La Trobe and Elizabeth streets, is classified by the National Trust and is on the Victorian Heritage Register of Heritage Victoria. In 1991, an innovative office building was built next door and named The Argus Centre, an award winning building by Nonda Katsalidis. In 2004 La Trobe University bought the site of the old Argus building with the intention to redevelop and house legal and business schools in the building, as well as a ground floor shopping precinct. Due to the emerging costs associated with renovating the building, La Trobe University sold the site for $15 million in 2010 to Shesh Gale, owner of the Melbourne Institute of Technology who similarly intends to convert the site into an educational facility.
- List of newspapers in Australia
- Frederick William Haddon - Argus sub-editor in 1863, editor 1867–1898
- Edward Wilson (journalist)
- Howard Willoughby
- Original Argus system, system for determining the Premiers of the Victorian Football League's competition in 1901
- Amended Argus system, system for determining the Premiers of the Victorian Football League's competition from 1902 to 1930
- Australian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil
- Message to Argus readers from The Sun News-Pictorial The Argus, final edition, 19 January 1957 at Trove
- Your Last Argus The Argus, 19 January 1957, at Trove
- Teichmann, Max The Argus: Life & Death of a Newspaper Book review at newsweekly.com.au, 31 March 2007. Accessed 20 July 2013
- "The Argus Building, Victorian Heritage Inventory Number H7822-2122". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
- The Argus Centre: 300 Latrobe Street, Melbourne, Walking Melbourne, retrieved 2011-08-20
- Shtargot, Sasha (2004-02-05), "Argus site to thrive as new La Trobe campus", The Age, retrieved 2011-08-20
- Pallisco, Marc (2010-02-25), "La Trobe University Sells Argus Building for $15 Million", Real Estate Source, retrieved 2012-01-20
- Don Hauser, The Printers of the Streets and Lanes Of Melbourne (1837 - 1975) Nondescript Press, Melbourne 2006
- Jim Usher (ed) The Argus - life and death of a newspaper Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne 2008 (ISBN 1 74097 143 4)