Thermoplasmatales

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Thermoplasmatales
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata Reysenbach 2002
Order: Thermoplasmatales Reysenbach 2002
Families

In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmatales are an order of the Thermoplasmata.[1] All are acidophiles, growing optimally at pH below 2. Picrophilus is currently the most acidophilic of all known organisms growing at a minimum pH of 0.06.[2] Many of these organisms do not contain a cell wall, although this is not true in the case of Picrophilus. Most of members of the Thermotoplasmata are thermophilic.

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)[3] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[4] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[5]



Thermogymnomonas acidicola Itoh et al. 2007



  Thermoplasma

T. acidophilum Darland et al. 1970 (type sp.)



T. volcanium Segerer et al. 1988




  Picrophilus

P. oshimae Schleper et al. 1996 (type sp.)



P. torridus Zillig et al. 1996



  Ferroplasmaceae
  Acidiplasma

A. aeolicum Golyshina et al. 2009 (type sp.)



A. cupricumulans (Hawkes et al. 2008) Golyshina et al. 2009



  Ferroplasma

?F. acidarmanusDopson et al. 2004



?F. thermophilumZhou et al. 2008



F. acidiphilum Golyshina et al. 2000 (type sp.)







Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature LPSN

References[edit]

  • Madigan, M.T. and Martinko, J.M. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms, 11th Ed. Pearson Prentice Hall. 

Further reading[edit]

Scientific journals[edit]

Scientific books[edit]

  • Reysenbach, A-L (2001). "Order I. Thermoplasmatales ord. nov.". In DR Boone and RW Castenholz, eds. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed. ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 
  • Reysenbach, A-L (2001). "Class IV. Thermoplasmata class. nov.". In DR Boone and RW Castenholz, eds. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed. ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

Scientific databases[edit]

External links[edit]