Timeline of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

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This is a timeline of major events in the history of the modern state of Jordan.

Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire Period[edit]

The two Ottoman vilayets into which today's Jordan was split

Emirate and Mandate Period[edit]

  • 1921: In March, the Cairo Conference (1921) agrees to award the Emirate of Trans-Jordan to Abdullah and the mandate of Mesopotamia to Faisal[6] During the conference, Winston Churchill invites Abdullah to a famous "tea party" where he convinced Abdullah to stay put and not attack the French in return for the creation of the Emirate of Transjordan.[7]
  • 1922: The Council of the League of Nations accepts the British Transjordan memorandum defining the limits of Trans-Jordan and excluding that territory from the provisions in the Mandate concerning the Jewish national home.[8]
  • 1922: British Government passes the Order defining Boundaries of Territory to which the Palestine Order-in-Council does not apply
  • 1923: Britain recognises Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • 1923: Frederick Peake's "Mobile Force" becomes Al Jeish al Arabi (the Arab Army), known in English as the Arab Legion
  • 1925: Hadda Agreement between TransJordan and Nejd formally agrees the boundary between the two countries following the Kuwait Conference. The agreement concludes by stating "This Agreement will remain in force for so long as His Britannic Majesty's Government are entrusted with the Mandate for Trans-Jordan"[9]

Post-Mandate Period[edit]

  • 1946: Britain ends its mandate over Transjordan, granting full independence to the Kingdom
  • 1947: Dead Sea Scrolls discovered
  • 1947-48: Thousands of Palestinians flee Arab-Israeli fighting to West Bank and Jordan
  • 1948-49: Arab-Israeli war concludes with the armistice agreements. The territory of the Mandatory Palestine is divided between Israel, Jordan (changed from Transjordan) and Egypt

Post 1948 War[edit]

Image showing the approximate land exchanged between Jordan (gaining green) and Saudi Arabia (gaining red)
  • 1951: Riad as-Solh, former Lebanese prime minister, was assassinated in Amman by member of the Syrian Nationalist Party.[10]
  • 1951: King Abdullah I of Jordan was assassinated in Jerusalem by a Palestinian. Hussein is proclaimed king after his father.
  • 1957 British troops complete their withdrawal from Jordan.
  • 1958: Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan created in February, shortly before the creation of United Arab Republic between Egypt and Syria. Its was disestablished following the 14 July Revolution in Iraq.
  • 1965: Jordan and Saudi Arabia concluded a bilateral agreement that realigned and delimited the boundary, resulting in some exchange of territory, allowing Jordan to expand its port facilities at Aqaba and protecting the pasturage and watering rights of certain nomadic tribes.
  • 1967: Six-Day War

Post 1967 War[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harding, G. Lankester. 1959. The Antiquities of Jordan. Lutterworth Press, London. 2nd impression, 1960.
  1. ^ A Peace To End All Peace, David Fromkin, Avon Books, New York, 1990
  2. ^ a b c A History of Jordan, Philip Robins
  3. ^ Maunsell 1926 p. 212
  4. ^ The encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli conflict, by Spencer Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts
  5. ^ The modern history of Jordan, Kamal S. Salibi
  6. ^ Cairo conference
  7. ^ Churchill and Palestine, David Lyon Hurwitz
  8. ^ Cmd. 5479, 1937, p. 37.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Kamil Dib, "Warlords and Merchants, The Lebanese Business and Political Establishment", page 89

External links[edit]