Kingdom of Hejaz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kingdom of Hejaz


Flag of Hejaz Coat of arms of Hejaz
Kingdom of Hejaz (green) and present Hejaz region (red)
on the Arabian Peninsula.
Capital Mecca
Languages Arabic
Ottoman Turkish
Religion Islam
Government Absolute monarchy
 -  1916–1924 Hussein bin Ali
 -  1924–1925 Ali bin Hussein
Historical era Interwar period
 -  Kingdom established 10 June 1916
 -  Recognized 10 August 1920
 -  Conquered by Nejd 19 December 1925
 -  Ibn Saud crowned King of Hejaz 8 January 1926
 -  1920 est. 850,000 

The Kingdom of Hejaz (Arabic: مملكة الحجاز‎, Mamlakat al-Ḥijāz) was a state in the Hejaz region ruled by the Hashemite family. It became independent from the collapsing Ottoman Empire as a result of World War I when the Sharif of Mecca made a deal with the British that the Arab population would be instigated to revolt against the Turks in exchange for a unified Arab country. In 1916, the Sharif of Mecca declared himself King of Hejaz as his Sharifian Army participated with other Arab forces and the British Empire in expelling the Turks from the Arabian peninsula.

The Hejaz region had strategic infrastructure, particularly the Hejaz railway, which was put out of operation in the war as it was used to reinforce Turkish forces in the region.

The kingdom was annexed in 1925 by the neighbouring Sultanate of Nejd under a resurgent House of Saud, and merged into the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz, which would eventually be known as Saudi Arabia in 1932.[1][2]

Kings of Hejaz[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Madawi Al-Rasheed. A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  2. ^ A Brief overview of Hejaz - Hejaz history