||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (February 2014)|
|Type||Wholly owned subsidiary|
|Founded||London, UK (1997)|
|Area served||Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary,India, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Christian Unger, CEO
Simon Duffy, Chairman
Robert Dighero, CFO
|Industry||Auctions, Electronic commerce|
|Products||Online auction hosting, Online payment systems, Price comparison service, Online classified adverts|
|Revenue||£36.4 million GBP
|Operating income||£9.5 million GBP
|Net income||£6.7 million GBP
|Employees||416 (March 2007)|
|Slogan(s)||Europe's online trading community|
|Type of site||online auction|
|Registration||required to buy and sell|
Tradus is an online auction company that operates in Europe. The company, a subsidiary of South African media group Naspers since March 2008, operates across Europe using many different brands. Its flagship Allegro is by far the most popular auction site in Poland.
Tradus got born as an emerger of QXL, founded in London in 1997 by Financial Times journalist Tim Jackson, and ricardo, founded in Baar, Switzerland in 1999. The company first operated under the name "QXL Ricardo", and the current name, "Tradus", didn't step in until November 2007.
In 1999, QXL was simultaneously floated on the London Stock Exchange as well as the Nasdaq exchange in New York. Also in 1999 the company secured the rights to sell off pieces of the famous Wembley Stadium, which was being demolished and rebuilt. QXL also managed to prise Hugh Scully, host of Antiques Roadshow, away from the BBC to front its antiques business.
Late in 2000, QXL Ricardo became the first British member of an elite gang of dotcoms which saw their stock lose 99 per cent of their value, shares which were valued at £8.00 being worth only 6.5p. However later this trend was reversed and in 2005 the share was ranked as the best performing on the LSE
November 2004 QXL Ricardo's shareholders received two offers of acquisition from Tiger Acquisition (set up by Great Hill Funds and the existing management to make the offer) and Florissant. In the end, Florissant and a group of Israeli investors each ended up with large shareholdings and the company remained publicly listed on the London Stock Exchange.
On the 7th November 2007, after a sharp rise in the company's share price, the company announced that it had received a preliminary approach from a potential bidder who was unnamed. Intense press speculation arose as to who the potential bidder may be. This was further supported by various press articles in mid-December announcing that the potential purchaser was the South African media company Naspers, reportedly paying in the region of £17 per share or about £750 million.
On 21 November 2007 QXL Ricardo announced that it had received permission from its shareholders to change the name to Tradus plc.
On 6 May 2008 it was announced that the UK QXL site would close on 30 May 2008.
Tradus operates a business model similar to eBay. Therefore it tends to concentrate in countries where eBay is either not present nor is the market leader and where Tradus is (or can be) market leader. On 1 August 2009, ricardo.ch, one of Tradus AG's subsidiaries, will launch a new marketplace for classifieds, under the name of tradus.ch following eBay's approach, when it launched kijiji in 2005.
|Country||Brand name||Web Address|
|Humpty Dumpty/eSwap||£3.1 million||July 1999|
|QXL Auksjon Norge AS||£13.2 million||December 1999|
|QXL Denmark ApS||£6.6 million||January 2000|
|QXL Poland Sp. z o. o.||$75,000||March 2000|
|ibilive NV||£6.8 million||April 2000|
|Idefi SA||£2.5 million||April 2000|
|Bidlet AB||£62.2 million||June 2000|
|ricardo.de AG||£44.8 million||November 2000|
|Ceneo SA||£732,000||December 2006|
|Molotok.ru||£1.5 million||October 2007|
|Trendsales.dk||£12+ million (estimated)||November 2010|
- "Unternehmen". ricardo. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Business: The Company File QXL shares modest rise on debut. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- QXL.com float price collapses
- QXL opens bidding with live Wembley auction
- Scully joins net auctioneers
- QXL in German merger. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- QXL Ricardo Plc Shelf Document. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- QXL shares going going gone
- Winners and Losers: Online auctioneer fetches best price of 2005
- Rogue lawyer 'guilty' in QXL case. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- Conditional agreement to settle litigation and obtain control and ownership of QXL Poland. Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
- QXL sells itself for £12m
- QXL Ricardo shares jump after approach
- ebay buying QXL Ricardo with eyes on Eastern
- ebay tipped as suitor in bid approach for QXL Ricardo
- Buy it now: online auction house sold for £750m
- Naspers Limited - Offer for Tradus PLC
- Recommended cash offer for Tradus plc
- Naspers bids for Tradus
- Kew, Janice (7 March 2008). "South African Stocks: Gold Fields, Naspers and Tiger Brands". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- Small Talk: Dotcom survivor is a Euro-rival eBay would do well to bid for