Trakai Voivodeship

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Trakai Voivodeship
Lithuanian: Trakų vaivadija
Latin: Palatinatus Trocensis
Polish: Województwo trockie
Voivodeship of
Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1413–1569)

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795)

COA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania.png
1413–1795
 

 

 

Coat of arms of Trakai

Coat of arms

Location of Trakai
Trakai Voivodeship (in red) in the 17th century
Capital Trakai
Government Monarchy
Legislature Sejmik
History
 -  Established by Union of Horodło 1413
 -  Union of Lublin 1569
 -  Third Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 1795
Area
 -  1570 31,100 km2 (12,008 sq mi)
 -  1790 23,885 km2 (9,222 sq mi)
Population
 -  1790 288,000 
Density 12.1 /km2  (31.2 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions Counties: 4
Today part of Lithuania, Poland, Belarus
Population and area are given according to Vaitiekūnas, Stasys (2006). Lietuvos gyventojai: Per du tūkstantmečius (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 53, 71. ISBN 5-420-01585-4. 

Trakai Voivodeship,[1] Trakai Palatinate, or Troki Voivodeship[2] (Lithuanian: Trakų vaivadija, Latin: Palatinatus Trocensis, Polish: Województwo trockie), was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1413 until 1795.

History[edit]

Trakai Voivodeship together with Vilnius Voivodeship was established by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great in 1413 according to the Union of Horodło.[1] Vytautas copied Polish system of administrative division in order to centralize and strengthen the government. Trakai Voivodeship replaced the former Duchy of Trakai, which was ruled directly by the Grand Duke or his close relative (brother or son). The Duke of Trakai (Latin: dux Trocensis) was replaced by appointed officials – voivodes and his deputy castellan.

The voivodeship was divided into four powiats: Grodno County, Kaunas, Trakai (ruled directly by the voivode), and Upytė.[1] The biggest cities in the voivodeship were Kaunas, Grodno and Trakai.

The western portion of the voivodeship was split off in 1513 by Sigismund I the Old and transferred to the Polish Crown. It was organized as the Podlaskie Voivodeship. In 1793, counties of Grodno and Sokółka and Wołkowysk one of Nowogródek Voivodeship were merged in Grodno Voivodeship.

After the Union of Lublin the voivodeship, together with whole Grand Duchy of Lithuania, became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth until the partitions of the Commonwealth in 1795. Most of the territory became part of the Russian Empire, while territories west of the Neman River – part of the Province of East Prussia.

Voivodes[edit]

The Voivode of Trakai (Lithuanian: Trakų vaivada) was one of the most important state offices in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. They were appointed from prominent magnate families and competed only with voivode of Vilnius and Grand Chancellors for power and prestige.[3] Voivodes were the ex officio members of the Lithuanian Council of Lords. Voivodes had their residence in Trakai city, near Galvė Lake, north of the Trakai Peninsula Castle.

List of voivodes[edit]

Trakai Voivodeship in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Laužikas, Rimvydas (2004-10-15). "Trakų vaivadija". Aruodai (in Lithuanian). Lithuanian Institute of History. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  2. ^ Leszczyński, Anatol (1980). Żydzi ziemi bielskiej od połowy XVII w. do 1795 r.: studium osadnicze. Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 248. ISBN 83-04-00389-9. 
  3. ^ Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Trakai". Encyclopedia Lituanica V. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. p. 491. LCC 74-114275. 

Coordinates: 54°38′22″N 24°56′06″E / 54.639319°N 24.935049°E / 54.639319; 24.935049