Trans-umbilical breast augmentation
In 1964, the American plastic surgeons T.D. Cronin and F.J. Gerow reported the first breast augmentation procedure using silicone gel-filled implants. In that implantation procedure, the breast implant devices were inserted through an incision to the inframammary fold (IMF), where the breast meets the chest of the woman.
In 1972, J. Jenny described a periareolar-incision emplacement technique for inserting the breast implants via an incision under the nipple-areola complex (NAC).
In 1992, a trans-umbilical emplacement technique (through the umbilicus), for the implantation of saline breast implants through a small incision at the woman’s belly button, was described. The trans-umbilical emplacement approach is a technical variant of the abdominal tunnel technique employed for inserting breast implants, which was described in 1976, which facilitated the inserting and emplacing of empty saline implants to the breast-implant pocket.
A trans-umbilical breast augmentation is a breast prosthesis insertion technique wherein the incision is at the umbilicus (navel), which dissection then tunnels superiorly, to facilitate emplacing the breast prosthesis to the implant pocket without producing visible surgical scars upon the breast hemisphere; but it makes appropriate dissection and device-emplacement more technically difficult. A TUBA procedure is performed bluntly (without endoscopic assistance), and is inapplicable to emplacing (pre-filled) silicone-gel implants, because of the great potential for damaging the elastomer silicone shell of the breast-implant device during its manual insertion through the short, two-centimetre (~2.0 cm), incision at the navel, and because pre-filled silicone-gel implants are incompressible, and cannot be inserted through so small an incision.
The scar is produced in a remote location (the navel).
The TUBA (Trans-umbilical Breast Augmentation) approach is inapplicable for the emplacement of incompressible, pre-filled breast implants, usually of the silicone-gel-filled variety. There is felt to be somewhat less precision with this approach in developing the breast pocket as compared to traditional incisions. Future surgeries or difficulties encountered during the initial surgery likely need to be addressed through a different incision.
- Breast augmentation (Augmentation mammoplasty)
- Breast reconstruction
- Mastopexy (breast lift)
- Spear, Scott L.; Willey, Shawna C.; Robb, Geoffrey L. (2006). Surgery of the Breast: Principles and Art. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 1319. ISBN 978-0-7817-4756-1. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Cronin, Thomas D.; Gerow, Frank J. (1964). "Augmentation mammaplasty: a new 'natural feel' prosthesis". Transactions of the Third International Congress of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. pp. 41–9. OCLC 82436969.
- Jenny, H (1972). "The Areolar Approach to Augmentation Mammaplasty". International Journal of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.[page needed]
- Planas, J (1976). "Introduction of breast implants through the abdominal route". Plastic and reconstructive surgery 57 (4): 434–7. PMID 131947.
- Pound, Edwin C.; Pound, Edwin C. (2000). "Trans-umbilical breast augmentation (TUBA): Technique for pre-pectoral and post-pectoral placement of implants". Operative Techniques in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 7 (3): 116–24. doi:10.1053/otpr.2000.21108.
- Pound, EC III; Pound, EC Jr (2001). "Transumbilical breast augmentation (TUBA): Patient selection, technique, and clinical experience". Clinics in plastic surgery 28 (3): 597–605. PMID 11471965.
- Johnson, Gerald W.; Christ, John E. (1993). "The Endoscopic Breast Augmentation". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 92 (5): 801–8. doi:10.1097/00006534-199392050-00004. PMID 8415961.
- Dowden, Richard (2008). "Transumbilical Breast Augmentation is Safe and Effective". Seminars in Plastic Surgery 22 (1): 51–9. doi:10.1055/s-2007-1019143. PMC 2884857. PMID 20567689.