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Transvaal is a geographic term associated with land north of (i.e., beyond) the Vaal River in modern-day South Africa. Many states and administrative divisions have carried the name Transvaal.

  • South African Republic or "Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek" (1856–1877 and 1881–1902), sometimes called the Transvaal Republic in English
  • Transvaal Colony (1877–1881 and 1902–1910), British colony
  • Transvaal Province (1910–1994), province of the Union and Republic of South Africa

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