Triple Divide Peak (Montana)

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Triple Divide Peak
Triple-pass-divide-thumb.jpg
View from Triple Divide Peak
Elevation 8,020 ft (2,440 m)[1]
Prominence 180 ft (55 m)[1]
Location
Location Flathead County, Montana, Glacier County, Montana, U.S.
Range Lewis Range
Coordinates 48°34′23″N 113°31′00″W / 48.57306°N 113.51667°W / 48.57306; -113.51667Coordinates: 48°34′23″N 113°31′00″W / 48.57306°N 113.51667°W / 48.57306; -113.51667[2]
Topo map USGS Mount Stimson, MT
A map of North American drainage basins/divides. Triple Divide Peak is noted at the juncture of the Great (red) and Laurentian (green) divides.

Triple Divide Peak (8,020 feet (2,444 m)) is located in the Lewis Range, Glacier National Park in the U.S. state of Montana.[3] It is a hydrological apex of the North American continent, where the Great and Laurentian divides meet at the summit of the peak. Thus, all water that falls at this point can flow to the Pacific, Atlantic, or Arctic oceans (when Hudson Bay is considered an Arctic tributary), making the locale (and surrounding Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park) one of the few places on the Earth whose waters feed three oceans.

Rainfall on the western side of the peak enters Pacific Creek, which in turn enters Nyack Creek, the Middle Fork of the Flathead River, Clark Fork River, Pend Oreille River, and the Columbia River which empties into the Pacific Ocean at Astoria, Oregon. Flathead Lake and Lake Pend Oreille are also fed by this system of rivers, as well as some man-made lakes on the Columbia River.

The northeastern slope of the mountain sheds water into Hudson Bay Creek, which then drains into Medicine Owl Creek and Red Eagle Creek. It then empties into Saint Mary Lake, which feeds the St. Mary River, which in turn flows into the Oldman River, Saskatchewan River, and the Nelson River, which empties into Hudson Bay. (Some sources, however, consider Hudson Bay to be part of the Atlantic and, thus, Snow Dome – in Jasper National Park, on the border between Alberta and British Columbia, Canada – to be the continent's sole hydrological apex.[4][5][6]) Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipegosis, also in Manitoba, are part of the Hudson Bay watershed as well, feeding Lake Winnipeg via Dauphin River.

Moisture on the southeastern slopes feeds into Atlantic Creek, which in turn enters the North Fork of Cut Bank Creek, Marias River, Missouri River, which joins the Mississippi River north of St. Louis, Missouri, before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans. This ultimately reaches the Atlantic.

Looking south from Triple Divide Mountain, 1917[7]

See also[edit]

Cited references[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Triple Divide Peak, Montana". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  2. ^ "Triple Divide Peak". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  3. ^ "Triple Divide Peak, Montana" (Map). TopoQuest (USGS Quad). Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  4. ^ Sanford, Robert W. (2010). Our World's Heritage: Creating a Culture Worthy of Place in Canada's Western Mountain Parks. Athabasca University Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-897425-57-2. 
  5. ^ Canada's watersheds, The Canadian Atlas Online
  6. ^ The North Saskatchewan River, Great Canadian Rivers
  7. ^ Holtz, Mathilde Edith; Bemis, Katharine Isabel (1917). Glacier National Park: Its Trails and Treasures. New York: George H. Doran.