List of troglobites

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A troglobite is an animal that lives entirely in the dark parts of caves. They can roughly be divided into troglofauna for the land-dwelling species and stygofauna for species found in water. Troglobites are typically identified by evolutionary traits that suit them for cave life such as loss of sight and skin pigment or slow metabolism. They are typically incapable of surviving outside of caves and as such are often endemic to a single cave or system of caves. Creatures such as cave-dwelling bats or cave swallows are not considered troglobites because they leave caves in order to acquire food. These are trogloxene.

Mollusca[edit]

Velvet worms[edit]

Arthropoda[edit]

Arachnida[edit]

Myriapoda[edit]

Millipedes
Centipedes

Crustacea[edit]

Insecta[edit]

See Cave insects

Fish[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Mammals[edit]

There are no known mammals that live exclusively in caves. Most bats sleep in caves during the day and hunt at night, but they are considered troglophiles or trogloxenes.

Reptiles[edit]

Birds[edit]

There are no known birds that live exclusively in caves.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Fish and Wildlife Service (April 9, 2003). "50 CFR Part 17. RIN 1018–AH01. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Kauai Cave Wolf Spider and Kauai Cave Amphipod" (PDF). Federal Register 68 (68): 17430–17470. 
  2. ^ Jeff Powell (August 29, 2006). "Alabama Cave Shrimp (Palaemonias alabamae). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved October 10, 2010. 
  3. ^ K. A. Crandall & J. Cordeiro (2010). "Procambarus delicatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 3.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  4. ^ K. A. Crandall (2010). "Cambarus pecki". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved October 4, 2010. 
  5. ^ M. Tsurnamal (2008). "A new species of the stygobiotic blind prawn Typhlocaris Calman, 1909 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae, Typhlocaridinae) from Israel". Crustaceana 81 (4): 487–501. doi:10.1163/156854008783797534. 
  6. ^ Fernando Alvarez, Thomas M. Iliffe & José Luis Villalobos (2006). "Macromaxillocarididae, a new family of stenopodidean shrimp from an anchialine cave in the Bahamas, with the description of Macromaxillocaris bahamaensis, n. gen., n. sp." (PDF). Journal of Crustacean Biology 26 (3): 366–378. doi:10.1651/C-2658.1.