Turon, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Turon, Kansas
City
Location of Turon, Kansas
Location of Turon, Kansas
Map of Reno Co, Ks, USA.png
Coordinates: 37°48′27″N 98°25′37″W / 37.80750°N 98.42694°W / 37.80750; -98.42694Coordinates: 37°48′27″N 98°25′37″W / 37.80750°N 98.42694°W / 37.80750; -98.42694
Country United States
State Kansas
County Reno
Area[1]
 • Total 0.46 sq mi (1.19 km2)
 • Land 0.46 sq mi (1.19 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,762 ft (537 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 387
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 385
 • Density 841.3/sq mi (324.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67583
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-71800[4]
GNIS feature ID 0473772[5]

Turon is a city in Reno County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 387.[6]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Reno County

Turon was founded in 1886. It was incorporated as a city in 1905.[7]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a main line from Herington through Turon to Pratt.[8] In 1888, this line was extended to Liberal. Later, it was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. It foreclosed in 1891 and taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

Geography[edit]

Turon is located at 37°48′27″N 98°25′37″W / 37.80750°N 98.42694°W / 37.80750; -98.42694 (37.807415, -98.427061)[9]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.46 square miles (1.19 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Turon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 572
1920 631 10.3%
1930 576 −8.7%
1940 594 3.1%
1950 632 6.4%
1960 559 −11.6%
1970 430 −23.1%
1980 481 11.9%
1990 393 −18.3%
2000 436 10.9%
2010 387 −11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 387 people, 159 households, and 98 families residing in the city. The population density was 841.3 inhabitants per square mile (324.8 /km2). There were 210 housing units at an average density of 456.5 per square mile (176.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.5% White, 4.1% Native American, 7.5% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.4% of the population.

There were 159 households of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 436 people, 177 households, and 115 families residing in the city. The population density was 950.4 people per square mile (366.0/km²). There were 218 housing units at an average density of 475.2 per square mile (183.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.43% White, 0.46% African American, 0.69% Native American, 4.36% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.34% of the population.

There were 177 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,429, and the median income for a family was $26,000. Males had a median income of $21,750 versus $19,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,197. About 14.7% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 823. 
  8. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Turon, Kansas

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps