The Tuscarawas River in Dover in 2006
|- location||near Hartville|
|- elevation||735 ft (224 m) |
|Length||129.9 mi (209 km) |
|Basin||2,590 sq mi (6,708 km2) |
|- average||2,591 cu ft/s (73 m3/s) |
|- max||46,800 cu ft/s (1,325 m3/s)|
|- min||216 cu ft/s (6 m3/s)|
|Discharge elsewhere (average)|
|- Massillon||466 cu ft/s (13 m3/s) |
The Tuscarawas River is a principal tributary of the Muskingum River, 129.9 miles (209 km) long, in northeastern Ohio in the United States. Via the Muskingum and Ohio Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 2,590 square miles (6,700 km2) on glaciated and unglaciated portions of the Allegheny Plateau.
It rises southwest of Hartville in northern Stark County, and initially flows westward, through Uniontown into southern Summit County, where it passes through the Portage Lakes area south of Akron, and the city of Barberton. From Barberton the Tuscarawas flows generally southward through Stark and Tuscarawas Counties, through the communities of Clinton, Canal Fulton, Massillon, Navarre, Bolivar, Zoar, Dover, and New Philadelphia. South of New Philadelphia the river turns to the southwest and west, flowing past Tuscarawas, Gnadenhutten, Port Washington, and Newcomerstown into Coshocton County, where it joins the Walhonding River at the city of Coshocton to form the Muskingum River. From Barberton downstream, the Ohio and Erie Canal was constructed in parallel to the river in 1828-1830; usage began declining in the 1850s, and the canal was damaged beyond repair by flooding in 1913. Portions of the canal's towpath route are maintained as a hiking and bicycling trail.
According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Tuscarawas River has also been known historically by the names Little Muskingum River, Mashongam River, Tuscarawa River, and Tuskarawas Creek.
The Tuscarawas River collects Chippewa Creek in Summit County near Clinton, and Sandy Creek in Stark County near Bolivar. In Tuscarawas County, it collects Conotton Creek southeast of Zoar; Sugar Creek at Dover; and Stillwater Creek north of Tuscarawas. Nimishillen Creek, a tributary of Sandy Creek, drains the city of Canton.
At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge in Newcomerstown, the annual mean flow of the river between 1922 and 2005 was 2,591 ft³/s (73 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 46,800 ft³/s (1,325 m³/s) on January 26, 1937. The lowest recorded flow was 216 ft³/s (6 m³/s) on August 15, 1944.
At an upstream gauge in Massillon, the annual mean flow of the river between 1938 and 2005 was 466 ft³/s (13 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 10,700 ft³/s (303 m³/s) on July 5, 1969. The lowest recorded flow was 45 ft³/s (1.3 m³/s) on September 20, 1999.
In popular culture
The band Sun Kil Moon references the Tuscarawas in their song "Carry Me, Ohio", with the lyric "Tuscarawas river flows into a great lake". However, the Tuscarawas does not flow into any of the Great Lakes. Also, in the book "The Light in the Forest", True Son recalls a memory with a setting on the bank along the Tuscarawas River. 
- Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Tuscarawas River (Feature ID #1067076)". Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- Ohio Department of Natural Resources (2000). "Major Ohio Watersheds". A Guide to Ohio Streams. pp. p. 11. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- Mangus, J. P.; S. R. Frum. "USGS Ohio Water Resources Data, Water Year 2005.". United States Geological Survey. pp. Surface-water records, Surface-water records, Beaver through Muskingum River Basins (p. 41–77). Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. pp. 41, 51-52, 60-61. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
- Ohio & Erie Canalway Association. "Ohio & Erie Canalway: The West's First Canal". Retrieved 2007-02-04.[dead link]
- Ohio & Erie Canalway Association. "Ohio & Erie Canalway". Retrieved 2007-02-04.[dead link]
- Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Surface Water (2006-01-03). "2006 Ohio Sport Fish Consumption Advisory". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- song lyrics for 'Carry Me Ohio'