USS Edson (DD-946)

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USS Edson (DD-946)
Career
Name: Edson
Namesake: Merritt A. Edson
Awarded: 27 January 1956
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath ME
Laid down: 3 December 1956
Launched: 4 January 1958
Sponsored by: Mrs. M. A. Edson (widow)
Acquired: 31 October 1958
Commissioned: 7 November 1958
Decommissioned: 15 December 1988
Struck: 31 January 1989
Identification: NJRE (radio call sign)
Nickname: The Grey Ghost of the Vietnamese Coast
Honors and
awards:
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Navy Unit Commendation, Vietnam Service Medal, National Defense Medal, Combat Action Medal, Meritorious Unit Commendation
Status: Museum Ship at Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum, Bay City, Michigan since 2013
General characteristics
Class & type: Forrest Sherman-class destroyer
Displacement: 2,800 tons standard.
4,050 tons full load.
Length: 407 ft (124 m) waterline,
418 ft (127 m) overall.
Beam: 45 ft (14 m)
Draught: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Propulsion: 4 × 1,200 psi (8.3 MPa) Babcock & Wilcox boilers, Worthington steam turbines; 70,000 shp (52 MW); 2 × shafts.
Speed: 32.5 knots (60.2 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nautical miles at 20 kt
(8,300 km at 37 km/h)
Complement: 17 officers, 218 enlisted.
Armament: • 3 × 5 in (127 mm)/54 calibre dual purpose Mk 42 guns; (3x1)
• 4 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 calibre Mark 33 anti-aircraft guns (2x2);
• 2 × mark 10/11 Hedgehogs;
• 6 × 12.75 in (324 mm) Mark 32 torpedo tubes.
USS EDSON (DD-946)
NRHP Reference # 90000333
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 21 June 1990[1]
Designated NHL 21 June 1990[2]

USS Edson (DD-946) was a Forrest Sherman-class destroyer of the United States Navy, built by Bath Iron Works in Maine in 1958. Her home port was Long Beach, California and she initially served in the Western Pacific/Far East, operating particularly in the Taiwan Strait and off the coast of Vietnam. Her exceptionally meritorious service in 1964 in the Gulf of Tonkin was recognized with the first of three Navy Unit Commendations. During the following years she was shelled by North Vietnamese land forces, and apparently received friendly fire from the US Air Force.

Following an onboard fire in 1974, Edson returned to the West Pacific and was later commended for her roles in the evacuation of Phnom Penh and Saigon.

She was decommissioned in 1988, but the following year became a museum ship at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York. Returning to Navy lay-up in 2004, it was agreed in 2012 that she should again become a museum ship, at Bay City, Michigan.

Commissioning and Initial Service[edit]

USS Edson was named for Major General Merritt “Red Mike” Edson USMC (1897–1955), who was awarded the Medal of Honor while serving as Commanding Officer of the First Marine Raider Battalion on Guadalcanal, and the Navy Cross and Silver Star for other actions in world War II.

Edson was laid down on 3 December 1956 by Bath Iron Works Corporation, Bath, Maine; launched on 4 January 1958, sponsored by Mrs. M. A. Edson, widow of General Edson; and commissioned on 7 November 1958, with Commander Thomas J. Moriarty in command.

Edson called at Ciudad Trujillo and Caribbean ports while conducting shakedown training en route to Callao, Peru, where she lay from 18 to 21 February 1959 delivering supplies for the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru. She reached Naval Station Long Beach, California, her home port, on 2 March and through the remainder of the year perfected her readiness with exercises along the west coast. On 5 January 1960, she sailed from Long Beach for her first deployment in the Far East, during which she patrolled in the Taiwan Straits and took part in amphibious operations off Okinawa, and exercises of various types off Japan. On 29 April, she rescued three aviators from USS Ranger, whose A-3D aircraft had crash landed in the ocean. Edson returned to Long Beach on 31 May for an overhaul which continued through October. Edson spent the remainder of 1960 conducting training off San Diego.

Bow of the USS Edson at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard

WESTPAC Deployments[edit]

In June 1961 Edson, together with the other ships of DESDIV 231, sailed to Portland, Oregon, to represent the U.S. Navy at the annual Rose Festival. On 11 August 1961, Edson sailed from Long Beach harbor to start her second WESTPAC deployment. She spent three months in operations with the attack carriers USS Ranger and USS Ticonderoga and spent the month of December patrolling the straits between Taiwan and the mainland of Communist China.

On Friday, 13 March 1964, Edson departed for her third WESTPAC deployment. After the transit, Edson began duties with the Taiwan Patrol Force, CTF 72. The end of May and the months of June and July 1964 were filled with carrier operations, Gunfire Support Training in the Philippines, and operation LICTAS, a joint SEATO operation off the coast of the Philippines. August found Edson in the Gulf of Tonkin on special operations. It was here she was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for exceptionally meritorious service in support of operations in the Gulf of Tonkin during the period 2–5 August 1964. On her fifth deployment in 1967, she received a hit from a North Vietnamese shore battery while providing a naval gunfire support mission.

Edson served as plane guard for aircraft carriers on Yankee Station in the Tonkin Gulf, participated in Sea Dragon operations, patrolled on search and rescue duties, and carried out Naval Gunfire Support missions during the Vietnam War. On 17 June 1968 she apparently took friendly fire from the US Air Force, along with several other U.S. and Australian ships.[3]

On 12 December 1974, Edson suffered a fire in the after fireroom while training with the USS Coral Sea. The fire was caused by the ignition of oil which was spraying from a rupture in a lube oil gauge line. The area was secured and fire extinguished with no personnel casualties.

In January 1975, after repairs in Hawaii, the Edson continued on to WESPAC and in April she participated in Operation Eagle Pull (evacuation of Phnom Penh, Cambodia) and Operation Frequent Wind (evacuation of Saigon, Vietnam), earning two Meritorious Unit Commendations.

As part of the observances of the Bicentennial of the U. S. Constitution in 1976, the mayor and city council of West Haven CT formally designated USS Edson as the city's official ship. She made two visits to this shoreside community, and members of the crew marched in the Constitution Day Parade through the center of downtown West Haven.

The Edson was decommissioned on 15 December 1988, and towed to the Philadelphia Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility for storage. At the time of her decommissioning, she was the last all-gun destroyer in the United States Navy.

In Popular Culture[edit]

The ship's name is prominently displayed in episode 104 of The Twilight Zone, "The Thirty-Fathom Grave", first aired in 1963. While all of the action occurs on the Edson, the ship in the opening and closing stock shots is another Sherman-class destroyer, the USS Mullinnix.

Museum[edit]

Grey warship looking up from the box end taken from the quay-side against a blue sky
USS Edson in 2003

The Edson served as a museum ship at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York City from 30 June 1989 to 14 June 2004 when it was replaced by a Concorde airliner. The ship was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1990.[2][4][5]

In 2004 the ship was towed to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where hull repairs were completed, and then towed back to the Philadelphia Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility for storage. The Saginaw Valley Naval Ship Museum at Bay City, Michigan, and the Wisconsin Naval Ship Association at Sheboygan, Wisconsin both submitted applications to the Naval Sea Systems Command to relocate the Edson and reinstate her as a museum ship in their respective locations. The Bay City proposal was successful.

The Navy declared USS Edson seaworthy on 17 July 2012 [6] and it was cleared to begin its journey to Michigan on 18 July with arrival at the museum site on 7 August 2012. On Tuesday, 7 May 2013 at 15:01 hours, the USS Edson arrived at her permanent mooring site in Bangor Township, MI @ 43°36′50″N 83°52′8″W / 43.61389°N 83.86889°W / 43.61389; -83.86889Coordinates: 43°36′50″N 83°52′8″W / 43.61389°N 83.86889°W / 43.61389; -83.86889.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "USS Edson (Destroyer)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 14 September 2007. 
  3. ^ "HMAS HOBART — attacked by US Airforce June 1968 Vietnam". Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  4. ^ James P. Delgado (8 January 1990). "USS Edson (DD-946)". National Park Service. 
  5. ^ USS Edson (DD-946)--Accompanying 6 photos, exterior and interior, from 1966 and 1989 "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. 8 January 1990. 
  6. ^ "Navy declares USS Edson sea-worthy, destroyer to begin voyage to Saginaw River tomorrow". Michigan Live LLC. 

External links[edit]