United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina, 1894

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The 1894 South Carolina United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 6, 1894 to select seven Representatives for two-year terms from the state of South Carolina. Four incumbents were re-elected and all three open seats were won by the Democrats. The composition of the state delegation after the election was solely Democratic.

1st Congressional District Special Election[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman William H. Brawley of the 1st congressional district, in office since 1891, resigned in 1894. A special election was called for April and it pitted two Democrats against each other because the South Carolina Democratic Party refused to organize a primary election. James F. Izlar defeated J. William Stokes in the special election to win the remainder of the term for the 53rd Congress.

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 1st Congressional District Special Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic James F. Izlar 3,070 60.1 N/A
Democratic J. William Stokes 2,042 39.9 N/A
Majority 1,028 20.2 N/A
Turnout 5,112
  Democratic hold

1st Congressional District[edit]

The 1st congressional district was redrawn in 1894 to cover much of the South Carolina Lowcountry. William Elliott defeated D.A.J. Sullivan in the Democratic primary and Republican challenger George W. Murray in the general election. However, Murray challenged the election and the Republican controlled Congress awarded him the seat from Elliott in 1896.

Democratic primary[edit]

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
William Elliott 2,937 62.1
D.A.J. Sullivan 1,789 37.9

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 1st Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic William Elliott 5,650 59.1 -40.5
Republican George W. Murray 3,913 40.9 +40.9
Majority 1,737 18.2 -81.4
Turnout 9,563
  Democratic hold

2nd Congressional District[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman W. Jasper Talbert of the 2nd congressional district, in office since 1893, was unopposed in his bid for re-election.

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 2nd Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic W. Jasper Talbert (incumbent) 5,942 99.5 -0.1
No party Write-Ins 31 0.5 +0.1
Majority 5,911 99.0 -0.2
Turnout 5,973
  Democratic hold

3rd Congressional District[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman Asbury Latimer of the 3rd congressional district, in office since 1893, defeated Republican Robert Moorman in the general election.

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 3rd Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Asbury Latimer (incumbent) 5,778 81.3 -9.9
Republican Robert Moorman 985 13.9 +5.3
No party Write-Ins 342 4.8 +4.6
Majority 4,793 67.4 -15.2
Turnout 7,105
  Democratic hold

4th Congressional District[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman George W. Shell of the 4th congressional district, in office since 1891, declined to seek re-election. Stanyarne Wilson won the Democratic primary and defeated Republican Lawson D. Melton in the general election.

Democratic primary[edit]

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
Stanyarne Wilson 6,903 56.4
Joseph T. Johnson 3,628 29.7
David Duncan 1,696 13.9

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 4th Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Stanyarne Wilson 8,425 75.1 -10.6
Republican Lawson D. Melton 2,771 24.7 +10.4
No party Write-Ins 28 0.2 +0.2
Majority 5,654 50.4 -21.0
Turnout 11,224
  Democratic hold

5th Congressional District[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman Thomas J. Strait of the 5th congressional district, in office since 1893, defeated David E. Finley in the Democratic primary and Republican G.G. Alexander in the general election.

Democratic primary[edit]

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
Thomas J. Strait 5,442 67.2
David E. Finley 2,655 32.8

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 5th Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Thomas J. Strait (incumbent) 6,141 67.6 -13.1
Republican G.G. Alexander 1,545 17.0 -2.3
Independent W.R. Davie 1,163 12.8 +12.8
No party Write-Ins 237 2.6 +2.6
Majority 4,596 50.6 -10.8
Turnout 9,086
  Democratic hold

6th Congressional District[edit]

Incumbent Democratic Congressman John L. McLaurin of the 6th congressional district, in office since 1893, defeated Republican challenger J.P. Wilson.

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 6th Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John L. McLaurin (incumbent) 8,171 76.9 -7.7
Republican J.P. Wilson 2,452 23.1 +7.8
No party Write-Ins 7 0.0 -0.1
Majority 5,719 53.8 -15.5
Turnout 10,630
  Democratic hold

7th Congressional District[edit]

The 7th congressional district was redrawn in 1894 to include much of the lower central part of the state. J. William Stokes was nominated by the Democrats and defeated Republican T.B. Johnson in the general election.

General election results[edit]

South Carolina's 7th Congressional District Election Results, 1894
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic J. William Stokes 7,358 73.0 +23.4
Republican T.B. Johnson 2,656 26.3 -23.7
No party Write-Ins 70 0.7 +0.3
Majority 4,702 46.7 +46.3
Turnout 10,084
  Democratic gain from Republican

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jordan, Frank E. The Primary State: A History of the Democratic Party in South Carolina, 1876-1962. pp. 96–97, 109, 113. 
  • "Report of the Secretary of State to the General Assembly of South Carolina. Election Returns." Reports and Resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina at the Regular Session Commencing Nov. 27th, 1894. Volume II. Columbia, SC: Charles A. Calvo, Jr., 1894, pp. 466–469.