Usellus

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Usellus
Comune
Comune di Usellus
Coat of arms of Usellus
Coat of arms
Usellus is located in Italy
Usellus
Usellus
Location of Usellus in Italy
Coordinates: 39°48′N 8°51′E / 39.800°N 8.850°E / 39.800; 8.850
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Oristano (OR)
Frazioni Escovedu
Government
 • Mayor Felice Atzori
Area
 • Total 35.10 km2 (13.55 sq mi)
Elevation 289 m (948 ft)
Population (December 2004)
 • Total 933
 • Density 27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Demonym Usellesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 09090
Dialing code 0783

Usellus (Greek: Οὔσελλις; Latin: Uselis or Usellis[1]) is a comune (municipality) and town in the Province of Oristano in the Italian region Sardinia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 993 and an area of 35.1 km².[2]

Usellus borders the following comuni: Albagiara, Ales, Gonnosnò, Mogorella, Villa Verde, Villaurbana.

History[edit]

Usellus is situated in the interior of Sardinia, about 25 km from the Gulf of Oristano on the west coast, and the same distance south of Forum Trajani (modern Fordongianus). Its name is not found in the Itineraries, and the only ancient author who mentions it is Ptolemy,[3] who erroneously places it on the west coast of the island: but the existing ruins, together with the continuity of the name, leave no doubt of its true situation. It is about 5 km northeast of the modern town of Ales. Ptolemy styles it a colonia, and this is confirmed by an inscription on a bronze tablet of 158 CE (a tabula patronatus, setting forth that M. Aristius Balbinus had accepted the position of patron of the town for himself and his heirs) that speaks of the place as Colonia Julia Augusta Uselis. It would hence appear probable that the colony must have been founded under Augustus, though Pliny[4] asserts that Turris Libisonis (modern Porto Torres) was the only colony in Sardinia at his time (79 CE, hence after Augustus' reign)[5] It may be that civic rights were obtained from Augustus.[6][7]

The episcopal see was transferred to Ales in the 12th century.

Main sights[edit]

  • The ruins of the church of Santa Reparata have been conserved.[8] It marks the site of the ancient town, and various antiquities have been found there.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 48.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ Ptolemy, iii. 3. § 2
  4. ^ Pliny the Elder, H.N. iii.85
  5. ^ De la Marmora, Voy. en Sardaigne, vol. ii. pp. 367, 466.
  6. ^ Mommsen, Corp. Inscr. Lat. x. p. 816
  7. ^ a b Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Usellis". Encyclopædia Britannica 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 809https://archive.org/stream/encyclopaediabri27chisrich#page/809/mode/1up. 
  8. ^ "IterrCost - Church of Santa Reparata". Retrieved April 2014. 

Sources[edit]