User:Arredondo ales

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WMF chart.png literatura[edit]


1970 A solzhenitsin1.jpg Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Russia Russian "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[1] novel
1984 Jaroslav Seifert grave at Kralupy nad Vltavou cemetery CZ 0008.jpg Jaroslav Seifert Czechoslovakia Czech "for his poetry which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"[2] poetry
1987 Josef Brodsky crop.jpg Joseph Brodsky Soviet Union
United States
English and Russian "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[3] poetry

GER Litteraure[edit]

1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg Heinrich Böll Germany German "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[4] novel, short story
1999 Grass.JPG Günter Grass Germany German "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[5] novel, drama, poetry
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg Elfriede Jelinek Austria German "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[6] novel, drama
2009 Herta Müller 1.jpg Herta Müller Germany
German "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[7] novel, poetry
2002 Imre Kertész (1929-) Hungarian writer II. by Csaba Segesvári.JPG Imre Kertész Hungary Hungarian "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[8] novel
2006 Orhanpamuk2 cropped.jpg Orhan Pamuk Turkey Turkish "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[9] novel, screenplay, essay
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg Theodor Mommsen Germany German "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"[10] history, law
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg Rudolf Christoph Eucken Germany German "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[11] philosophy
1910 Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042.jpg Paul von Heyse Germany German "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[12] poetry, drama, novel, short story
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg Gerhart Hauptmann Germany German "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[13] drama, novel
1918 Not awarded
1919 Carl spitteler 1905.jpg Carl Spitteler Switzerland German "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"[14] poetry
1929 Thomas Mann 1937.jpg Thomas Mann Germany German "principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[15] novel, short story, essay
1946 Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg Nelly Sachs Germany (exiled to Sweden) German "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[16] poetry, drama
1946 Hermann Hesse 1946.jpg Hermann Hesse Switzerland (born in Germany) German "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[17] novel, poetry


1906 Carducci.jpg Giosuè Carducci Italy Italian "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[18] poetry
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg Maurice Maeterlinck Belgium French "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"[19] drama, poetry, essay
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg José Echegaray Spain Spanish "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"[20] drama
1922 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg Jacinto Benavente Spain Spanish "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[21] drama
1924 Władysław Reymont.jpg Władysław Reymont Poland Polish "for his great national epic, The Peasants"[22] novel
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Grazia Deledda Italy Italian "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[23] poetry, novel
1956 JRJimenez.JPG Juan Ramón Jiménez Spain Spanish "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[24] poetry
1958 Boris Pasternak cropped.jpg Boris Pasternak Soviet Union Russian "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[25] novel, poetry, translation
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg Salvatore Quasimodo Italy Italian "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[26] poetry
1961 Andric Ivo.jpg Ivo Andrić Yugoslavia Croatian and Serbian[27] "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[27] novel, short story
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis Greece Greek "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[28] poetry
1965 Sholokhov-1938.jpg Mikhail Sholokhov Soviet Union Russian "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[29] novel
1966 Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon Israel Hebrew "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[16] novel, short story
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias Guatemala Spanish "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[30] novel, poetry
1933 Ivan Bunin 1933.jpg Ivan Bunin Stateless (born in Russia, living in France) Russian "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[31] short story, poetry, novel
1934 Luigi Pirandello 1932.jpg Luigi Pirandello Italy Italian "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[32] drama, novel, short story 1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg Gabriela Mistral Chile Spanish "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[33] poetry


1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz Poland Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[34] novel
1909 Selma Lagerlöf.jpg Selma Lagerlöf Sweden Swedish "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[35] novel, short story
1914 Not awarded
1916 Johan Krouthén - Porträtt av Verner von Heidenstam.jpg Verner von Heidenstam Sweden Swedish "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[36] poetry, novel
1917 Karl Gjellerup.jpg Karl Adolph Gjellerup Denmark Danish "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"[37] poetry
Henrik Pontoppidan 1917.jpg Henrik Pontoppidan Denmark Danish "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark"[37] novel
1903 Björnstjerne Björnson, 1901.jpg Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Norway Norwegian "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[38] poetry, novel, drama
1920 Knut Hamsun.jpeg Knut Hamsun Norway Norwegian "for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"[39] novel
1928 Sigrid Undset crop.jpg Sigrid Undset Norway Norwegian "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[40] novel
1951 Lagerkvist.jpg Pär Lagerkvist Sweden Swedish "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[41] poetry, novel, short story, drama
1955 Halldór Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg Halldór Laxness Iceland Icelandic "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[42] novel, short story, drama, poetry
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt.jpg Erik Axel Karlfeldt Sweden Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[43] poetry
1939 FransEemilSillanpää.jpg Frans Eemil Sillanpää Finland Finnish "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"[44] novel
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg Johannes Vilhelm Jensen Denmark Danish "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style"[45] poetry
1974 Eyvind.JPG Eyvind Johnson Sweden Swedish "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"[46] novel
Harry Martinson.jpg Harry Martinson Sweden Swedish "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[46] poetry, novel, drama


eng Litteraure[edit]

  1. Rudyard Kipling (1907): UK
  2. W. B. Yeats (1923): Ireland
  3. George Bernard Shaw (1925): Ireland
  4. Sinclair Lewis (1930): US
  5. John Galsworthy (1932): UK
  6. Eugene O'Neill (1936): US
  7. Pearl S. Buck (1938): US
  8. T. S. Eliot (1948): US/UK
  9. William Faulkner (1949): US
  10. Bertrand Russell (1950): UK
  11. Winston Churchill (1953): UK
  12. Ernest Hemingway (1954): US
  13. John Steinbeck (1962): US
  14. Samuel Beckett (1969): Ireland/France
  15. Patrick White (1973): Australia
  16. Saul Bellow (1976): US
  17. Isaac Bashevis Singer (1978): US
  18. William Golding (1983): UK
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG Nadine Gordimer South Africa English "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[47] novel, short story, essay
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott Saint Lucia English "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[48] poetry
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison United States English "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[49] novel
1995 Seamus Heaney 2004.jpg Seamus Heaney Ireland English "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[50] poetry
2001 V. S. Naipaul United Kingdom
Trinidad & Tobago
English "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"[51] novel, essay
2003 J.M. Coetzee.JPG J. M. Coetzee South Africa English "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[52] novel, essay, translation
2005 Pinterfoto cropped2.jpg Harold Pinter United Kingdom English "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[53] drama
2007 Doris lessing 20060312 (square).jpg Doris Lessing United Kingdom English "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[54] novel, drama, poetry, short story, memoirs
1907 Kiplingcropped.jpg Rudyard Kipling United Kingdom English "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[55] novel, short story, poetry
1913 Tagore3.jpg Rabindranath Tagore India Bengali "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"[56] poetry, novel, drama, short story, music
1923 William Butler Yeats by George Charles Beresford.jpg William Butler Yeats Ireland English "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[57] poetry
1925 George bernard shaw.jpg George Bernard Shaw Ireland English "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"[58] drama, literary criticism
1930 Sinclair Lewis 1930.jpg Sinclair Lewis United States English "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"[59] novel, short story, drama
1932 John galsworthy.jpg John Galsworthy United Kingdom English "for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[60] novel
1935 Not awarded
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg Eugene O'Neill United States English "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[61] drama
1938 Pearl Buck (Nobel).jpg Pearl S. Buck United States English "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[62] novel
1948 T.S. Eliot, 1923.JPG T. S. Eliot United Kingdom English "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[63] poetry
1949 William Faulkner 1949.jpg William Faulkner United States English "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[64] novel, short story
1950 Honourable Bertrand Russell.jpg Bertrand Russell United Kingdom English "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[65] philosophy
1953 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg Winston Churchill United Kingdom English "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[66] history, essay, memoirs
1954 ErnestHemingway.jpg Ernest Hemingway United States English "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[67] novel, short story, screenplay
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG John Steinbeck United States English "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[68] novel, short story, screenplay
1969 75px Samuel Beckett Ireland English and French "for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[69] novel, drama, poetry
1973 Patrick White 1973.jpg Patrick White Australia English "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"[70] novel, short story, drama
1976 Saul Bellow, 1990.jpg Saul Bellow United States English "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[71] novel, short story
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer crop.jpg Isaac Bashevis Singer United States Yiddish "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"[72] novel, short story, memoirs
1981 Elias Canetti 2.jpg Elias Canetti Bulgaria
United Kingdom
German "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[73] novel, drama, memoirs, essay
1983 William Golding 1983.jpg William Golding United Kingdom English "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"[74] novel, poetry, drama
1986 Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg Wole Soyinka Nigeria English "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[75] drama, novel, poetry


1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg Pablo Neruda Chile Spanish "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[76] poetry
1975 Eugenio Montale.jpg Eugenio Montale  Italy Italian "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"[77] poetry
1977 Vicentealeixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre Spain — [[User:|]] ([[User talk:|talk]] • contribs) has made few or no other edits outside this topic. "for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"[78] poetry
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez Colombia Spanish "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[79] novel, short story, screenplay
1989 Camilo José Cela, Miami Book Fair International, 1994.jpg Camilo José Cela Spain Spanish "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[80] novel, short story
1990 Paz0.jpg Octavio Paz Mexico Spanish "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[81] poetry, essay,
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg Dario Fo Italy Italian "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[82] drama
1998 JSJoseSaramago.jpg José Saramago Portugal Portuguese "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[83] novel, drama, poetry
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa-2.jpg Mario Vargas Llosa Peru
Spanish "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat".[84] novel, short story, essay, drama


|- | 2011 | Transtroemer.jpg | Tomas Tranströmer | Sweden | Swedish | "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality".[85] | poetry, translation |-


|- | 1968 | Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg | Yasunari Kawabata | Japan | Japanese | "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"[86] | novel, short story |- | 1994 | Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg | Kenzaburō Ōe | Japan | Japanese | "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"[87] | novel, short story |- | 2012 |MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg |Mo Yan |China |Chinese | "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary".[88] | novel, short story |- | 1996 | Szymborska(closeup).jpg | Wisława Szymborska | Poland | Polish | "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[89] | poetry |- | 1988 | Necip Mahfuz.jpg | Naguib Mahfouz | Egypt | Arabic | "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"[90] |- | 1979 | Elytis, Odysseas (1911-1996).jpg | Odysseas Elytis | Greece | Greek | "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[91] | poetry |- | 1980 | Czeslaw Milosz, 1986.jpg | Czesław Miłosz | Poland
United States | Polish | "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[92] | poetry, essay | novel

WMF chart.png Uso de información[edit]

Nación Número de galardonados
 France 14
 United Kingdom 11
 United States 11
 Germany 8
 Sweden 7
 Spain 6
 Italy 6
 Poland 4
 Ireland 4
 Norway 3
Template:SUN 3
 Chile 2
 Denmark 2
  Switzerland 2
 Greece 2
 Japan 2
 South Africa 2
 China 2
 Guatemala 1
 Colombia 1
 Mexico 1
 Peru 1
 Belgium 1

it Litteraure[edit]

Anno Scrittore
1906 Giosuè Carducci
1926 Grazia Deledda
1934 Luigi Pirandello
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo
1975 Eugenio Montale
1997 Dario Fo

FR Litteraure[edit]

# Année Écrivain Image Citation Réf Genre(s) # Année Écrivain Image Citation Réf Genre(s)
1 1901 Sully-Prudhomme Sully Prudhomme.jpg "in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect" [93] poetry, essay 2 1904 Frédéric Mistral Clement-Frederic-Mistral.jpg
3 1915 Romain Rolland Romain Rolland-1914.jpg 4 1921 Anatole France Anatole France 1921.png
5 1927 Henri Bergson Henri Bergson 02.jpg 6 1937 Roger Martin du Gard Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg
7 1947 André Gide Gide 1893.jpg 8 1952 François Mauriac François Mauriac (1932).jpg
9 1957 Albert Camus Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg 10 1960 Saint-John Perse Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg
11 1985 Claude Simon 90px 12 2000 Gao Xingjian Gao Xingjian Galerie Simoncini Luxembourg.jpg
13 2008 Jean-Marie Le Clézio Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg

fr Litteraure[edit]

# Année Écrivain Image # Année Écrivain Image
1 1901 Sully-Prudhomme Sully Prudhomme.jpg 2 1904 Frédéric Mistral Clement-Frederic-Mistral.jpg
3 1915 Romain Rolland Romain Rolland-1914.jpg 4 1921 Anatole France Anatole France 1921.png
5 1927 Henri Bergson Henri Bergson 02.jpg 6 1937 Roger Martin du Gard Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg
7 1947 André Gide Gide 1893.jpg 8 1952 François Mauriac François Mauriac (1932).jpg
9 1957 Albert Camus Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg 10 1960 Saint-John Perse Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg
11 1985 Claude Simon 90px 12 2000 Gao Xingjian Gao Xingjian Galerie Simoncini Luxembourg.jpg
13 2008 Jean-Marie Le Clézio Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg

Renewable energy industry[edit]

The yearly yield of renewable electricity in Germany by source.

Germany's renewable energy sector is among the most innovative and successful worldwide. Nordex, Repower, Fuhrländer and Enercon are wind power companies based in Germany. SolarWorld, Q-Cells and Conergy are solar power companies based in Germany. These companies dominate the world market. Every third solar panel and every second wind rotor is made in Germany, and German turbines and generators used in hydro energy generation are among the most popular worldwide.[95]

Nearly 800,000 people work in the German environment technology sector; an estimated 214,000 people work with renewables in Germany, up from 157,000 in 2004, an increase of 36 percent.[95]

Siemens chief executive, Peter Löscher believes that Germany’s target of generating 35 per cent of its energy from renewables by 2020 is achievable – and, most probably, profitable for Europe’s largest engineering company. Its “environmental solutions” portfolio, which is firmly focused on renewables, is “already generating more than €27 billion a year, 35 per cent of Siemens’ total revenue, and the plan is to grow this to €40 billion by 2015”. Ending its involvement in nuclear industry will boost the credibility of Siemens as a purveyor of “green technology”.[96]

Germany's main competitors in solar electricity are Japan, the US and China. In the wind industry it is Denmark, Spain and the US.

Largest cities, 2011 Census Estimates
City Population
High Point

Secretaries-general and presidents[edit]

Ronald Noble at the 6th Global Congress about combating piracy and counterfeiting.

Secretaries-general since organization's inception in 1923:

Austria Oskar Dressler 1923–1946
France Louis Ducloux 1946–1951
France Marcel Sicot 1951–1963
France Jean Népote 1963–1978
France André Bossard 1978–1985
United Kingdom Raymond Kendall 1985–2000
United States Ronald Noble 2000–present

Presidents since organization's inception in 1923:

Austria Johann Schober 1923–1932
Austria Franz Brandl 1932–1934
Austria Eugen Seydel 1934–1935
Austria Michael Skubl 1935–1938
Nazi Germany Otto Steinhäusl 1938–1940
Nazi Germany Reinhard Heydrich 1940–1942
Nazi Germany Arthur Nebe 1942–1943
Nazi Germany Ernst Kaltenbrunner 1943–1945
Belgium Florent Louwage 1945–1956
Portugal Agostinho Lourenço 1956–1960
United Kingdom Richard Jackson 1960–1963
Finland Fjalar Jarva 1963–1964
Belgium Firmin Franssen 1964–1968
West Germany Paul Dickopf 1968–1972
Canada William Leonard Higgitt 1972–1976
Sweden Carl Persson 1976–1980
Philippines Jolly Bugarin 1980–1984
United States John Simpson 1984–1988
France Ivan Barbot 1988–1992
Canada Norman Inkster 1992–1994
Sweden Björn Eriksson 1994–1996
Japan Toshinori Kanemoto 1996–2000
Spain Jesús Espigares Mira 2000–2004
South Africa Jackie Selebi 2004–2008
Chile Arturo Herrera Verdugo acting president until the General Assembly in Saint Petersburg in October 2008, and candidate for the President on that General Assembly
Singapore Khoo Boon Hui Oct 2008–2012
France Mireille Balestrazzi Nov 2012–present

Divisão administrativa[edit]

File:Chicago community areas map.svg Administrativamente, o município está dividido em trinta e uma subprefeituras, cada uma delas, por sua vez, divididas em distritos. As subprefeituras estão oficialmente agrupadas em nove regiões (ou "zonas"), levando em conta a posição geográfica e história da ocupação. Essas regiões são apenas utilizadas em órgãos técnicos e do governo, não sendo identificadas por qualquer comunicação visual na cidade.


Template:Subprefeituras da cidade de São Paulo

  1. Allerton and Hunts Cross
  2. Anfield
  3. Belle Vale
  4. Central
  5. Childwall
  6. Church
  7. Clubmoor
  8. County
  9. Greenbank
  10. Croxteth
  11. Everton
  12. Fazakerley
  13. Greenbank
  14. Kensington and Fairfield
  15. Kirkdale
  1. Knotty Ash
  2. Mossley Hill
  3. Norris Green
  4. Old Swan
  5. Picton
  6. Princes Park
  7. Riverside
  8. Speke-Garston
  9. St Michaels
  10. Tuebrook and Stoneycroft
  11. Warbreck
  12. Wavertree
  13. West Derby
  14. Woolton
  15. Yew Tree

External links[edit]

Babel user information
es-N Este usuario tiene una comprensión nativa del español.
en-4 This user has near native speaker knowledge of English.
fr-5 Cet utilisateur dispose d’un niveau de connaissances professionnel du français.
it-3 Questo utente può contribuire con un livello avanzato in italiano.
Users by language

The Old Testament[edit]

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1 genesis The Pentateuch Andrea del Sarto 006.jpg
2 exodo - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
3 lev - LEV 8- High priest in robes and breastplate.jpg
4 numeros Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
5 mat deuteronomio Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
1 mat HISTOIRA Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
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1 mat Sapeienciales William Blake 007.jpg
2 mat The Sunday at Home 1880 - Psalm 23.jpg
3 mat - Dore Solomon Proverbs.png
4 mat
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isaias 1 profetas Isaiah-Michelangelo.jpg
2 joel -
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4 mat - [[File:|200px]]
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2 mat - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
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15 mat - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
16 mat - 200px
17 mat -

nom tipo img cap +imp simb
1 mat Gospels Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
2 ma Gospels Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
3 luk Gospels Byzantinischer Maler des 10. Jahrhunderts 001.jpg
4 juan Gospels Sangiovannievangelista.jpg
0 hechos ApostleFedorZubov.jpg
1 romanos epistolas pablo Paul arrested.jpg
2 acts epistolas pabloFile:ApostleFedorZubov.jpg Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
3 acts epistolas pablo Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
4 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
5 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
6 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
7 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
8 acts - Matthew Evangelist Incunabula Koberger Bible wiki.jpg
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  95. ^ a b Green energy boom in Germany
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