The Valerianaceae, the valerian family, belongs to the order Dipsacales and consists of about 350 species in seven genera. Plants are generally herbaceous, and their foliage often has a strong, disagreeable odor. They are found native in most regions of the world except for Australia. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals or used in herbal medicine for inducing relaxation and sleep.
The genera of this family, along with some species, are:
- C. ruber (red valerian, spur valerian or red spur valerian)
- F. cornucopiae (African valerian, horn of plenty)
- V. dioica (marsh valerian)
- V. officinalis (garden valerian)
- V. locusta (corn salad, lamb's lettuce)
- Bell, C. D. 2004. Valerianaceae. The Tree of Life Web Project.
- Bell, C. D. 2004. Preliminary phylogeny of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 31:340-350.
- Jepson Manual Treatment for Valerianaceae Jepson Online Interchange, Jepson Flora Project.
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