Vanguard Media was established in 1983 by veteran journalist Sam Amuka-Pemu with three friends. The paper has an online edition. The newspaper is one of the few in Nigeria that is considered independent of political control, the others being Thisday, The Punch, and The Guardian. In June 1990, the paper was briefly suspended by Col. Raji Rasaki, Military Governor of Lagos State.
In December 2008 the US-based Pointblanknews.com published a story that alleged the wife of the publisher of Vanguard Newspapers, was involved in a ritual killing. The Vanguard took the reporter to court, claiming he was attempting extortion. In December 2009, a Niger Delta peace activist commended Vanguard Newspapers for its reporting on the government's intentions, which he said helped persuade the militants to accept amnesty.
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- "Moral, Legal and Press War between Nigerian Vanguard Newspaper and US-based PointBlankNews.com: Goliath vs. David". Africans In America News Watch. March 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18.
- Emma Amaize (9 December 2009). "Amnesty - Activist Lauds Vanguard, Uduaghan, Sylva". Vanguard.
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