Venous stasis

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Venous stasis, or venostasis, is a condition of slow blood flow in the veins, usually of the legs. Venous stasis is a risk factor for forming blood clots in veins (venous thrombosis), as with the deep veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis or DVT).[1] Causes of venous stasis include long periods of immobility that can be encountered from driving,[2] flying, bed rest/hospitalization, or having an orthopedic cast. To prevent venous stasis and DVT/PE, methods to increase circulation in the legs include walking, calf exercises, and intermittent pneumatic compression, when possible.[3][4][5]

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  1. ^ Martinelli I, Bucciarelli P, Mannucci PM (2010). "Thrombotic risk factors: basic pathophysiology". Crit Care Med 38 (2 Suppl): S3–9. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181c9cbd9. PMID 20083911. 
  2. ^ Barbara G. Wells, Joseph T. DiPiro, Terry L. Schwinghammer, Gary R. Matzke, Gary C. Yee, Robert L. Talbert, L. Michael Posey (2008). Pharmacotherapy Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 163. ISBN 9780071485012. 
  3. ^ "New DVT guidelines: no evidence to support "economy class syndrome"; oral contraceptives, sitting in a window seat, advanced age, and pregnancy increase DVT risk in long-distance travelers". American College of Chest Physicians. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Hecht, M. E. (2010). A practical guide to hip surgery: from pre-op to recovery. Sunrise River Press. ISBN 978-1-934716-12-0. 
  5. ^ Gould MK, Garcia DA, Wren SM, et al. (2012). "Prevention of VTE in nonorthopedic surgical patients: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines". Chest 141 (suppl 2): e227S–e277S. doi:10.1378/chest.11-2297. PMC 3278061. PMID 22315263.