Vestal, New York
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (November 2009)|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Peter Andreasen|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||54.7 sq mi (136.4 km2)|
|• Land||52.2 sq mi (135.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2) 0.95%|
|Elevation||1,010 ft (308 m)|
|Population (Census 2010)|
|• Density||510/sq mi (210/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979582|
Vestal is on the south border of the county and is west and southwest of Binghamton.
Vestal is home to Binghamton University which draws visitors to the town through its entertainment and sporting events. The university adds thousands of students to the town and employs more than 3,000 faculty and staff.
The first European settlers arrived in Vestal at around 1785.
The central area of Vestal, near Route 26 at Choconut Creek, was the site of an indigenous village of the Ochugnut tribe of the Tuscaroras. During the American Revolution, a squad of soldiers from the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, under the command of Lt. William McKendry  were sent to exterminate the indigenous people. During the summer of 1779, the squad eliminated at least two villages, including one situated in what is now nearby downtown Binghamton (the Chenango, at the confluence of the Chenango and Susquehanna rivers), and the Ochugnut (Choconut) at the site of Choconut Creek near present-day Vestal Senior High School. Reasons for the attack include the Iroquois alliance with Great Britain during the American Revolution. However, some evidence indicates that at least some of the indigenous people were actually Tuscarora - descendants of the Cherokee who fled from North Carolina after wars in 1711 and the War of 1763. This community was actually sympathetic to the American cause, siding against the rest of the Iroquois confederation. See Sullivan Expedition or external links for more information on the role of Upstate New York in this conflict.  
Following the war, several European families settled in the area near the Town of Union.
The Town of Vestal was formed from the southern half of the Town of Union in 1823.
The history of the town is closely related to its neighbors, Binghamton, Endicott, and Johnson City. During the 20th century, Vestal served as a residential suburb to emerging industries in its area, such as Endicott Johnson Corporation, IBM, and Lockheed Martin.
In 1955, Harpur College began to plan its current location in Vestal, New York. This move was complete by 1961. The 387-acre (1.57 km2) site was purchased from Hazard Lewis Farms, a local dairy, anticipating future growth for the school. Originally founded as Triple Cities College of Syracuse University, in Endicott, New York, the college has become Binghamton University, the highest ranked public university in the Northeastern United States. The University adds 14,000 students to the local population each school year, and draws large numbers into the town for sporting, arts and other events.
During the 1990s, Vestal became the major retail center of the Southern Tier region of New York, with many large shopping centers such as the Town Square Mall, Parkway Plaza, Shoppes at Vestal, and Campus Plaza being built along the Vestal Parkway (NY Route 434), which became one of the busiest roads in the area. Vestal's historic central business district is located along three blocks of Front Street, still lined with small shops.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.7 square miles (136 km2). 52.2 square miles (135 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (0.95%) is water. The Town of Vestal is on the south side of the Susquehanna River. The Susquehanna River flows westward past Vestal to towns like Owego and Waverly in Tioga County, NY. There, the river bends southward into Pennsylvania through Scranton/Wilkes Barre and its capital at Harrisburg, eventually flowing into the Chesapeake Bay at Havre de Grace, MD.
New York State Route 17 passes across the north part of the town and intersect north-south highway New York State Route 26 by the Susquehanna River. New York State Route 434, Vestal Parkway, intersects NY-26 south of the NY-17 junction. New York State Route 201 links the town to the north shore of the Susquehanna River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,535 people, 8,525 households, and 5,924 families residing in the town. In the 2010 census, the number becomes 28,043. The population density was 508.5 /sq mi (196.3 /km2). There were 8,898 housing units at an average density of 170.5 per square mile (65.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.13% White, 2.19% African American, 0.15% Native American, 8.33% Asian, 0.99% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.40% of the population.
There were 8,525 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 24.0% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $51,098, and the median income for a family was $60,676. Males had a median income of $48,731 versus $29,035 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,363. About 4.3% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
Vestal is linked from the west primarily by New York State Route 17, which is under development to become Interstate 86. It is also very close to Interstate 81 and Interstate 88. Two major bridges and one minor bridge of New York State Route 26, New York State Route 201, and Bridge Road link Vestal to the villages of Endicott and Johnson City. New York State Route 434, "The Vestal Parkway" is the main artery through Vestal. It provides a direct link to Binghamton in the east.
Broome County Transit provides Vestal with bus service around the town and to surrounding municipalities. Greater Binghamton Airport is located about seven miles (11 km) away in Maine, New York, and provides direct flights to Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Philadelphia International Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport.
- Binghamton University - A SUNY university center with over 14,000 students.
- Vestal Central School District - A school district which includes Vestal High School, ranked in the top 1000 high schools in the United States according to Newsweek. 
- Hillel Academy 
- Ross Corners Christian Academy 
Shopping, dining and entertainment
- Town Square Mall
- The Shoppes at Vestal
- Parkway Plaza
- Campus Plaza
- University Plaza (UP)
- Parkway Row
The town of Vestal has 21 town operated and maintained parks which cater to all ages.
- Arnold Park – Andrews Road
Four picnic shelters (shelter #1 is under construction), tables, grills, playground equipment, playing fields with lights, football field, softball fields, rest room facilities, running water, electricity, nature trail, hiking, sand volleyball court, ice skating, fitness trail, cross country skiing, parking.
- African Road Park – African Road
Picnic shelter, grill, playground equipment, running water, stream, playground, electric, parking.
- Barlow Park – Main Street
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, running water, parking, electricity.
- Castle Gardens Park – Garden Lane
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, ball field, half basketball court, running water, no parking.
- David Avenue Park – David Avenue
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, tennis court, basketball court, stream.
- DEC Flood Fields – Main Street
Soccer fields, ball field, golf practice.
- Ethel Place Park – Ethel Park
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, basketball and kickball court, running water, no parking.
- Fuller Hollow Park – Marietta Drive
Picnic shelter, tables, playground equipment, ball field, stream, no parking.
- Harold Moore Park – Old Vestal Road
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, softball fields, two full court basketball courts, rest rooms and concession stand, running water, soccer fields, electricity, river access, boat ramp, parking.
- Jones Park – State Line Road
Nature trail, stream, hiking, cross country skiing, parking. Dogs allowed on leash.
- Memorial Park – Four Corners - Rt. 434 & Front Street
Band Gazebo, electricity, park benches, and free summer band concerts on Tuesdays at 7:00 PM. No parking.
- Middendorf Park – Juneberry Road
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, ball field, basketball court, running water, parking.
- Richards Avenue Park – Richards Avenue
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, no parking, running water.
- Ross Corners Park – Old Owego Road
Picnic shelter, tables, grill, playground equipment, tennis courts, ball field, soccer field, running water, parking, ice skating.
- Stair Park – Murray Hill Road
Picnic shelter, tables, playground equipment, running water, parking, electric.
- Stratford Park – Stratford Drive
Picnic shelter, tables, playground, running water, no parking.
- Twin Orchards – Myrtle Street
Picnic shelter, tables, playground, ball field, running water, soccer field and parking. Accessible from the Vestal Rail Trail.
- Vestal Center Park – Coleman Street
Picnic shelter, playground equipment, tennis courts, ball field, basketball court, running water, ice-skating, parking.
- Vestal Memorial Pool – Clayton Avenue
Large outdoor pool & wading pool, rest rooms & changing area, electricity, running water, parking.
- Willow Point Park – Gates Road
Three softball fields.
- Vestal Rail Trail
The trail is 2.1 miles (3.4 km) long. It runs between North Main Street and African Road and is located just north of and parallel to the Vestal Parkway (Rt. 434). The trail has a twelve foot paved path and eight feet of grass on either side of the trail. Available for walking, skating, running, and cycling. Parking at Stage Rd. and on the east side of the Shoppes at Vestal. Restrooms are available at the African Road (east) end of the trail. The trail has benches, a gazebo, a scenic overlook and nature trail, dog waste facilities, and is next to the Twin Orchards - Myrtle Street park. 
The largest park in the area is Arnold Park located off of Pierce Hill Road. This park offers a newly constructed plastic playground, picnic areas, a sand volleyball court, a standard sized baseball field and three other large grassy areas, as well as a nature trail through the wooded areas surrounding the park. In October, the Recreation Department holds a Halloween event at the park. In August, the Recreation Department hosts a picnic and summer festival. The Recreational Baseball League hosts at this park a variety of competitions amongst leagues.
The Recreation Department operates the 40x20 yard Vestal Memorial Pool located on Clayton Avenue off of Rt. 434. Vestal Rec. Dept. Pictures
The Town of Vestal recognizes five hamlets within its borders:
- Ross Corners is named for David Ross, a prominent Lumberman who owned a store during much of the 19th Century in the west of the town.
- Tracy Creek is named for Benjamin Tracy and is situated by a creek of the same name. It was originally a lumbering and farming community. It is also located in the western section of the town.
- Twin Orchards is a hamlet on the south bank of the Susquehanna River, named for the large orchards that used to border both sides of its main road.
- Vestal Center is located on NY-26 at the intersection of County Road 53, on the Big Choconut Creek about four miles (6 km) south of the main district, and approximately three miles north of the Pennsylvania State Line. It was originally spelled in English fashion ("Vestal Centre"), but this was changed in 1893. President Theodore Roosevelt once visited and gave a speech.
- Willow Point is located east of Twin Orchards, also on the south bank of the Susquehanna River.
- Castle Gardens – On the shore of the Susquehanna River in the western section of the town. Frequently flooded.
- Four Corners – The town's center; refers to the intersection of Main St. and the Vestal Parkway.
- South Vestal – A hamlet in the southern part of the town on Route 26.
- Stair Tract – Two developments (Upper and Lower) on the Eastern edge of the town.
- Vestal Hills – A hamlet in the northeastern part of town, adjacent to Binghamton.
- "Town of Vestal Board Members". Town of Vestal, NY. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "America's Best Colleges 2006: National Universities: Top Schools", U.S. News & World Report, accessed August 8, 2006
- Fiske Guide to Colleges
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- 2010 Census Data 2010 Census Data
- Town of Vestal - Recreation
- "History of Vestal", Town of Vestal.