Vestibular fold

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Vestibular fold
Laryngoscopic view of the vocal folds. (Vestibular fold labeled at center right.)
Coronal section of larynx and upper part of trachea.
Latin Plica vestibularis, plica ventricularis
Gray's p.1079
TA A06.2.09.008
FMA 55452
Anatomical terminology

The vestibular fold (ventricular fold, superior or false vocal cord) is one of two thick folds of mucous membrane, each enclosing a narrow band of fibrous tissue, the ventricular ligament, which is attached in front to the angle of the thyroid cartilage immediately below the attachment of the epiglottis, and behind to the antero-lateral surface of the arytenoid cartilage, a short distance above the vocal process.

The lower border of this ligament, enclosed in mucous membrane, forms a free crescentic margin, which constitutes the upper boundary of the ventricle of the larynx.

The vestibular folds of the larynx play a greater role in keeping food and drink out of the airway, breathing, and phonation (speech).[1] People who have had their epiglottis removed because of cancer do not choke any more than when it was present.[citation needed]

They have a minimal role in normal phonation, but are often used to produce deep sonorous tones in Tibetan chant and Tuvan throat singing,[2] as well as in musical screaming and the death growl singing style used in various forms of metal.

They are lined with respiratory epithelium, while true vocal cords have stratified squamous epithelium.

Additional images[edit]

Cut through the larynx of a horse:
1 hyoid bone 2 epiglottis 3 vestibular fold, false vocal fold/cord, (Plica vestibularis) 4 vocal fold, true vocal fold, (Plica vocalis) 5 Musculus ventricularis 6 ventricle of larynx (Ventriculus laryngis) 7 Musculus vocalis 8 Adam's apple (thyroid cartilage) 9 rings of cartilage (cricoid cartilage) 10 Cavum infraglotticum 11 first tracheal cartilage 12 Windpipe (Trachea)
The entrance to the larynx, posterior view.

See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Vestibular fold flap for post-cordectomy laryngeal reconstruction; Mamede, Ricz, Aguiar-Ricz, Mello-Filho; Abstract
  2. ^ Fuks, Leonardo (1998), From Air to Music: Acoustical, Physiological and Perceptual Aspects of Reed Wind Instrument Playing and Vocal-Ventricular Fold Phonation, Stockholm, Sweden, retrieved 2010-01-05 

External links[edit]