Vicente Calderón Stadium
|Full name||Estadio Vicente Calderón|
|Former names||Estadio Manzanares (1966—1971)|
|Location||Arganzuela, Madrid, Spain|
|Field size||105 m × 70 m (115 yd × 77 yd)|
|Opened||2 October 1966|
Miguel Ángel García Lomas
The Vicente Calderón Stadium (Spanish: Estadio Vicente Calderón [esˈtaðjo βiˈθente kaldeˈɾon]) is the home stadium of La Liga football club Atlético Madrid and is located in the Arganzuela district of Spanish capital Madrid. The stadium was originally called the Manzanares Stadium (Spanish: Estadio Manzanares [esˈtaðjo manθaˈnaɾes]), but this was later changed to the Vicente Calderón Stadium, after the famous Atlético club president. The seats are laid out in red and white stripes, the colours of Atlético's shirts. The stadium is located in the heart of Madrid, on the banks of the Manzanares.
Vicente Calderón regularly hosts international matches of the Spanish national team. Since 2003, the Vicente Calderón Stadium has been classified as a 5 Star UEFA Elite stadium and was the first Spanish stadium to attain this classification.
On 17 March 1961, Javier Barroso bought land for the construction of a new stadium, replacing the Estadio Metropolitano de Madrid, which had begun to reduce in capacity. Thus, in the same year, work began on the new stadium.
To finance the new stadium, Atlético Madrid had to make a debt issue three years previously, in 1958, in the form of mortgage bonds that were underwritten mostly by club shareholders and members, thus contributing their savings to build the stadium.
On 2 October 1966, the Estadio Manzanares was officially inaugurated, with a capacity for 62,000 spectators, in a match against Valencia CF, which ended in a 1–1 draw. This inauguration was the first for a stadium in Spain which had a fully seated capacity. Over time the crowds reduced in number, and hence the capacity was reduced as the stadium was reconstructed accordingly.
On 16 April 1967 the first Madrid derby in the new stadium was held between Atlético and Real Madrid. The match ended in a 2–2 draw.
On 14 July 1971, at a General Meeting, a name change for the stadium was agreed, with the name that was chosen still in use to this day: the Estadio Vicente Calderón (Vicente Calderón Stadium), in honor of the then Club President, Vicente Calderón.
With reconstruction completed, the Vicente Calderón reopened on 23 May 1972, in the presence of the then Head of State of Spain Francisco Franco, The Prince of Spain Juan Carlos I de Borbón and President of the Parliament, Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel. To mark the reopening, a friendly was held between Spain and Uruguay, ending with a 2–0 Spanish victory. The goals were scored by Oscar Valdez and Jose Eulogio Garate.
At an Extraordinary General Meeting of the club on 4 June 1980, a ₧ 451,000,000 budget was approved for the refurbishment and reconstruction of the stadium, with a view to being a venue for the 1982 FIFA World Cup. Of this amount, 190,000,000 ₧ was set aside by Atlético, while the rest was made up of grants by the Organizing Committee of the FIFA World Cup. The architect for the reconstruction scheme was Juan José Barroso.
At present, the stadium has capacity for 54,960 spectators, and is classified a 5 Star UEFA Elite Stadium, having received the classification in 2003.
A notable, and rather spectacular feature of the Vicente Calderón, is that the M-30 dual carriageway, running from the South Node Toledo Bridge, passes below one of the grandstands.
The Vicente Calderón Stadium has hosted many musical events in recent years. The highest capacity crowd for a concert was set on 17 June 2006, for "The Number 1 out of 40 Concert", commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the radio station "Los 40 Principales". The concert lasted over seven hours, and was host to more than 40 different artists. The stadium has also hosted a concert by the Mexican band RBD.
On 14 October 2008, UEFA decided to sanction Atlético Madrid with the temporary closure of the stadium, following incidents in the stands during the Champions League Group Stage match between Atlético Madrid and Olympique Marseille on 1 October.
Future change of venue
On 30 July 2007, Atlético Madrid, the brewer Mahou and Ayuntamiento de Madrid signed an agreement to reclassify the land that is currently occupied by the Vicente Calderón stadium and the Mahou brewery, agreeing that Atlético would move within 3 years to the Estadio Olímpico de Madrid, better known as Estadio La Peineta, which is currently being renovated in preparation for Atlético's tenancy. After reconstruction, La Peineta will hold 73,000 spectators and will feature fully covered stands. After 2016, the stadium will become the property of Atlético Madrid. The Vicente Calderón Stadium will be demolished, and a park will be built in its place, which is to be named the "Park Atlético Madrid". The decision to demolish the stadium was not well received by some of the Atlético fans who were against the relocation of the club, as they considered it to be a bad move if money was not being used to improve the club itself. The protests were led by the Save the Calderon Group and the Atlético Supporters Club: Asociación Señales de Humo.
Vicente Calderón Stadium has a unique architectural layout. Broadly speaking, it can be divided into four main zones: Preference Side, Lateral Side, North Side and South Side.
The Preference Side of the stadium was the last part of the stadium to be completed, in 1972, due to financial troubles suffered by the club during that period and also due to the poor location of the stadium, on the banks of the Manzanares. This is the main hub of the stadium, where the dugouts, changing rooms, press room, Royal Box, VIP boxes, etc. are found. This is the only part of the stadium that has a roof covering the seating, which is held by 22 reinforced concrete beams that protrude from the main structure of the stand. Preference is further divided into several parts: located on the First Floor are the stands, which are the parts closest to the pitch, the main tier, the anteroom, the Box of Honor (The Palco de Honor), the executive boxes, the VIP Grandstand, the VIP seating North and South of the Preference, and more VIP boxes. On the Upper Floor are the Lower and Higher Tiers, the Superior High Tier Boxes, and finally press and media booths.
The Estadio Vicente Calderón is located in the Madrid district of Arganzuela, in Paseo Virgen del Puerto, 67.
The stadium can be accessed via the following bus routes, run by Empresa Municipal de Transportes de Madrid: 17, 18, 23, 25, 34, 35, 36, 50, 56, 116, 118 and 119.
World Cup 1982 matches at the Calderón
The stadium hosted three games in the 1982 FIFA World Cup (All Round 2, Group D):
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vicente Calderón Stadium.|
- Club Atlético de Madrid - stadium page on official website
- Estadios de España (English)
- Vicente Calderón Stadium photos (English)
- Stadium Guide Article
- World Stadiums Article