Santiago Bernabéu Stadium

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Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
The Santiago Bernabeu Stadium - U-g-g-B-o-y.jpg UEFA Nuvola apps mozilla.pngNuvola apps mozilla.pngNuvola apps mozilla.pngNuvola apps mozilla.pngNuvola apps mozilla.png
Full name Estadio Santiago Bernabéu
Former names Nuevo Estadio Chamartín (1947–1955)
Location Madrid, Spain
Coordinates 40°27′11″N 3°41′18″W / 40.45306°N 3.68835°W / 40.45306; -3.68835 (Estadio Santiago Bernabéu)Coordinates: 40°27′11″N 3°41′18″W / 40.45306°N 3.68835°W / 40.45306; -3.68835 (Estadio Santiago Bernabéu)
Broke ground 27 October 1944
Built 1944–1947 (3 years)
Opened 14 December 1947 (1947-12-14)
Renovated 1982, 2001
Expanded 1953, 1992, 1994, 2011[1]
Owner Real Madrid C.F.
Operator Real Madrid C.F.
Surface Desso GrassMaster
Construction cost 288,342,653 Ptas (€1,732,943)
Architect Manuel Muñoz Monasterio
Luis Alemany Soler
Antonio Lamela (Expansion)[2]
Project manager Santiago Bernabéu Yeste
Capacity 85,454[1]
Executive suites 245[1]
Field dimensions 105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)[1]
Website www.realmadrid.com
Tenants
Real Madrid C.F. (1947–present)
Spain national football team (1947–present)

The Estadio Santiago Bernabéu (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðjo sanˈtjaɣo βernaˈβeu]) is an all-seater football stadium in Madrid, Spain. It was inaugurated on 14 December 1947 and is owned by Real Madrid Club de Fútbol. It has a current capacity of 81,044 spectators.[1]

El Bernabéu, renamed in honour of their former chairman Santiago Bernabéu Yeste, is one of the world's most famous and prestigious football venues. It has hosted the European Cup final on four occasions: in 1957, 1969, 1980, and the UEFA Champions League Final in 2010.[3] The finals for the 1964 European Nations' Cup and the 1982 FIFA World Cup have also been held at the Bernabéu.

The Bernabéu is both the second-largest stadium in Spain and the second-largest stadium home to a top-flight European club, behind only Camp Nou, home to rival Barcelona. In 2013, the redevelopment project which would increase the capacity from 81,000 to about 88,500 was estimated to cost about €400 million.

Location[edit]

Santiago Bernabéu is located on the Paseo de la Castellana in the district of Chamartín of Madrid. It occupies the block bounded by the Paseo de la Castellana and the streets of Concha Espina, Padre Damián, and Rafael Salgado.

History[edit]

On June 22, 1944, the Banco Mercantil e Industrial bank granted a credit to Santiago Bernabéu and Rafael Salgado for the purchase of the land adjacent to the old Estadio Chamartín. On 5 September 1944, architects Manuel Muñoz Monasterio and Luis Alemany Soler were hired and the structure on the site began to give way to the new stadium. On 27 October 1944, construction work on the stadium began.

The Nuevo Estadio Chamartín (English: New Chamartín Stadium) was inaugurated on 14 December 1947 with a match between Real Madrid and the Portuguese side Os Belenenses, which resulted in a 3–1 victory for Los Blancos.[4] The stadium had an initial capacity of 75,145 spectators, 27,645 of which had seats (7,125 covered) and 47,500 for standing fans. Sabino Barinaga was the first player to score in the new stadium.

The 1950s[edit]

The first major renovation occurred in 1954. On 19 June of that year, the stadium expanded to accommodate 125,000 spectators. Thus, the Madrid coliseum became the biggest stadium of all the participants of the newly established European Cup.

On 4 January 1955, after the General Assembly of Members Compromisaros, it was decided that the stadium adopt its present name in honour of club President Santiago Bernabéu.

In May 1957, Real Madrid used electric stadium lighting in a game against Sport Recife of Brazil.

The 1980s[edit]

The next big changes did not occur until the early 1980s with the hosting of the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain. The stadium had to adapt to the changing times and with this, architects Rafael Luis Alemany and Manuel Salinas were hired for the stadium's renovation project. The brothers were sons of Luis Alemany Alemany Soler, who carried out the original construction project next to Muñoz Monasterio. The work lasted 16 months and had a cost of 704 million pesetas, of which 530 million was paid by the City of Madrid.

The improvements included a number of points. First, FIFA forced two-thirds of the seating area to be covered. For this reason, Real Madrid installed a roof covering the perimeter of the first and second tiers of seating, except the east side. The stadium's capacity was reduced from 120,000 to 90,800 spectators, 24,550 of which were covered by the new roof. The project also involved remodeling the façade, the installation of new electronic signs in the north and south ends, as well as the renovation of the press areas, lockers rooms, access, and ancillary areas.

The stadium hosted four matches in the World Cup: three second-round Group Two matches (West Germany vs. England, West Germany vs. Spain, and Spain vs. England) and the final between Italy and West Germany.

The 1990s[edit]

In the mid-1980s, UEFA introduced new safety standards due to increased violence in the stadiums of Europe. The stadium was forced to create separate shortcuts to different stadium sections and seats for all spectators. In the 1990s, the Santiago Bernabéu went through a large expansion and remodeling. The board of Ramón Mendoza awarded the project to Gines Navarro Construcciones, S.A.

The work started on 7 February 1992 and concluded on 7 May 1994 with a final cost of more than five billion pesetas, substantially raising the debt of the club, having no institutional support.

The work concluded with the creation of an amphitheater on the west side and in the foundations, coupled with the existing building by using hydraulic jacks.

In total, 20,200 upgraded seats were installed, with each seat having a tilt of 87 degrees, ensuring a perfect view and proximity to the pitch. In addition, to access the new ring, four entrance towers were erected on the outside, each with two staircases and a central spiral ramp.

West façade of the stadium

With the new structure, the height of the stadium was increased from 22 m to 45 m. This caused problems during the winter, leaving two-thirds of the field of play in the shade. This lack of sunlight led to grass deterioration on the pitch. For this reason, a polypropylene pipe network was installed at a 20 cm depth under the pitch. At over 30 km long the pipe system circulates hot water, keeping the turf from freezing in cold temperatures.

Also, due to the height of the stand, it was necessary to improve and increase the lighting capability. A retractable protective roof was also installed to protect the fans from the elements. After the renovation, the stadium's capacity was 110,000 spectators.

Already in the summer of 1998, and chaired by Lorenzo Sanz, the Santiago Bernabéu adopted an all-seating arrangement, bringing its capacity down to 75,328 spectators.

21st century[edit]

View of the stadium in a Derby.

When Florentino Pérez became the president of Real Madrid, he launched a "master plan" with one goal: to improve the comfort of the Santiago Bernabéu and the quality of its facilities, and maximise revenue for the stadium.

Pérez invested 127 million in five years (2001–2006) by adding an expansion to the east side of the stadium, as well adding a new façade on Father Damien street, new costumes, new boxes and VIP areas, a new stage in honour of the east side, a new press area (also located on the east side), a new audio system, new bars, integration of heating in the stands, panoramic lifts, new restaurants, escalators in the tower access, and implementation of the multipurpose building in Father Damien street.

Real Madrid C.F. against Borussia Dortmund at the stadium in the UEFA Champions League in 2013

Following the enlargement of the lateral east side and the creation of new galleries, the capacity of the Santiago Bernabéu was 80,354, all seated. The last change was an small increase to a capacity of 81,044, effected in 2012.

In 2007, the 1,000th game was played at the Santiago Bernabéu. In addition, the latest revision of UEFA on 27, on the occasion of Champions League match against Olympiacos, served as a final step to give the Santiago Bernabéu elite stadium status on 14 November 2007, a month before the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the inauguration of the stadium. UEFA announced that the club will officially rename the elite stadium.

Pérez proposed construction of a retractable roof before he resigned in 2005. In 2009, following the re-election of Pérez as the club president, it was announced that the roof construction was looking unlikely due to the financial situation of the club. According to Spanish sports newspaper Marca, however, Pérez wants to restructure Santiago Bernabéu. According to the newspaper, the architect in charge will be chosen from among a shortlist of Spanish architects Santiago Calatrava and Pritzker Prize-winner Rafael Moneo, and Chinese-American Ieoh Ming Pei, also a Pritzker winner.[5]

On October 16, 2013, Pérez announced that Real is seeking to sell the naming rights for its stadium and looking for a sponsor for the €400 million -project.[6] The proposed design of the stadium renovation, produced by German architects GMP, was unveiled on January 31, 2014. The bold design includes a retractable roof, with the overall cost of around €400m likely to be met half via the sale of naming rights and half via a bond issue to Real members according to Spanish media reports. Pérez was quoted as commenting "We want to make the Santiago Bernabéu the best stadium in the world".[7]

Panorama of the stadium
Panorama of the stadium

Transportation[edit]

The stadium is served by its own metro station along the Line 10 called Santiago Bernabéu. It is also served by bus routes 14, 27, 40, 43, 120, 147 and 150.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e http://www.realmadrid.com/en/santiago-bernabeu-stadium. Retrieved February 26, 2014
  2. ^ Antonio Lamela
  3. ^ "Madrid and Hamburg awarded 2010 finals". UEFA. 28 March 2008. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  4. ^ Real Madrid to play 1,500th official clash at the Santiago Bernabéu, http://www.realmadrid.com/cs/Satellite/en/1193040487651/1330073124892/noticia/Noticia/Real_Madrid_to_play_1,500th_official_clash_at_the_Santiago_Bernabeu.htm?w=2, dated 22 November 2011
  5. ^ (in Spanish) Un nuevo Bernabeú galáctico. Yahoo! EuroSport, 11 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Real Madrid "working on" Bernabeu naming rights partner – Perez". goal.com. October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Real Madrid reveal £330m design for new Bernabeu stadium". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Monumental de Nuñez
Buenos Aires
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1982
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
UEFA European Football Championship
Final Venue

1964
Succeeded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Preceded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
European Cup
Final Venue

1957
Succeeded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
European Cup
Final Venue

1969
Succeeded by
San Siro
Milan
Preceded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
European Cup
Final Venue

1980
Succeeded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

2010
Succeeded by
Wembley Stadium
London