Victoria Kent

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Victoria Kent Siano (March 3, 1898 - September 22, 1987) was a Spanish lawyer and republican politician.

Born in Málaga, she was affiliated to the Radical Socialist Republican Party and came to fame in 1930 for defending - at a court martial - Álvaro de Albornoz, who would shortly afterwards go on to become minister of justice and later the future president of the Republican government in exile (1947 to 1949 and 1949 to 1951). She became a member of the first Parliament of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931. That same year, the President of the Republic, Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, appointed her Director General of Prisons, a post she held until 1934, and she actively continued the reforms in the prison service that had been started by Concepción Arenal.

Kent was against giving women the right to vote immediately, arguing that, as Spanish women lacked at that moment social and political education enough to vote responsibly, they would be very much influenced by the Catholic priests, damaging left wing parties. She had a controversy about this subject with another feminist in the parliament, Clara Campoamor. This caused her certain unpopularity and, when women were given right to vote, she lost her seat – as she had predicted – to the conservative majority in 1933.

After the Spanish Civil War, Kent went into exile. In New York she published the Ibérica review from 1954 to 1974,[1] which featured news for Spanish people exiled in the United States. She died in New York in 1987.

Colleges in Fuenlabrada, Marbella, Torrejón de Ardoz (Instituto de Educación Secundaria Victoria Kent), and a railway station in her home town of Málaga, have been named after her.

Works[edit]

  • Cuatros años en París (1940-1944), (1978)[2]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Miguel Ángel Villena, Victoria Kent, una pasión republicana, Barcelone, Debate, 2007, 336 p.
  • María Dolores Ramos, Victoria Kent (1892-1987), Ediciones del Orto, 1999, 96 p.
  • Maria Telo Nunez, Concepcion Arenal y Victoria Kent: La prisiones, vida y obra, Instituto de la Mujer, 1995, 137 p.
  • Angela Kershaw & Angela Kimyongur, Women in Europe Between the Wars: Politics, Culture and Society, Ashgate Pub Co, 2007, 249 p.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Catálogo biblioteca del Instituto Cervantes de Nueva York, Ibérica : por la libertad , Victoria Kent editor.
  2. ^ Cuatros años en París / Four years in Paris: 1940-1944 (Spanish Edition) ISBN 84-935382-1-3