Virius Lupus

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Virius Lupus (c. 160 – after 205) was a Roman soldier and politician of the late 2nd and early 3rd century.

His parents were Lucius Virius, born c. 140, and wife Antonia, also born c. 140 and daughter of Marcus Antonius Zeno. His paternal grandparents were Quintus Virius, born c. 110, and wife Larcia, born c. 125, a daughter of Aulus Larcius Lepidus and wife Volumnia Calida.[citation needed]

He served as a Legatus of one of the German provinces and supported Septimius Severus during the civil war that followed the murder of Pertinax. In 196 his troops were defeated by Decimus Clodius Albinus as the fight for the throne intensified.

He would have served as consul some time previously and became Governor or Legatus of Britannia once Severus was made emperor in 197.

Severus sent him to Britain immediately to recover the province from the rebellions that had swept it following Clodius Albinus' removal of most of the garrison to press his claim for the throne the previous year.

In the north he was obliged to buy peace from the Maeatae. Fearful that they would ally with the Caledonian Confederacy and unable to secure troop reinforcements from Severus, Lupus had no choice but to pay the rebels in return for their withdrawal and the return of a few prisoners. Lupus slowly restored the forts in the Pennines to Roman control although Hadrian's Wall was not rebuilt until c. 205.

His governorship was assisted by the arrival of Sextus Varius Marcellus as provincial procurator and in who can be seen the germ of the later division of Britain into two provinces.

He served as governor until 201 or 202.

By his marriage to Julia, born c. 180, he had a daughter Viria Juliana (c. 205 – after 241), who married Lucius Alfenius Avitianus (c. 200 – after 241), son of Lucius Alfenius Avitianus, by whom she had a son Lucius Alfenius Virius Julianus.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  • Collingwood, Robin George (1936). Roman Britain and the English Settlements. Biblo & Tannen Publishers. p. 157. ISBN 0-8196-1160-3. 
  • Degraft-Johnson, J. C. (1986). African Glory. Black Classic Press. p. 33. ISBN 0-933121-03-2. 
  • Blois, Lukas “de” (1976). The Policy of the Emperor Galienus. Brill Academic Publishers. p. 77. ISBN 90-04-04508-2. 


Preceded by
Decimus Clodius Albinus
Roman governors of Britain Succeeded by
Marcus Antius Crescens Calpurnianus