Vsevolod Bazhenov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vsevolod Andreevich Bazhenov
Bazhenov-Vsevolod-Andreevich-27bw.jpg
Born (1909-02-18)February 18, 1909
Serdobsk, Russian Empire
Died August 2, 1986(1986-08-02) (aged 77)
Leningrad, USSR
Nationality Russian
Education Tavricheskaya Art School
Known for Painting
Movement Realism
Awards Medal For the Victory Over Germany

Vsevolod Andreevich Bazhenov (Russian: Все́волод Андре́евич Баже́нов; February 18, 1909, Serdobsk, Russian Empire – August 2, 1986, Leningrad, USSR) was a Soviet, Russian painter who lived and worked in Leningrad. He was a member of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation,[1] and regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting,[2] most famous for his landscape paintings.

Biography[edit]

Vsevolod Andreevich Bazhenov was born February 18, 1909 in the town Serdobsk, Penza Province of Russian Empire into an artistic family.[3] His father was an artist and taught in a real school. He become the first teacher of Vsevolod. Later he studied in Serdobsk art studio of artists A. Gofert and N. Kuzmin. Besides drawing and painting, Bazhenov was music lover: his mother Evgenia Nikovaevna was a pianist.

Arabian coast. 1962

In 1928 Bazhenov graduated in high school and moved to Leningrad. In 1928–1930 he studied at the Tavricheskaya Art School, where he was a student of Mikhail Avilov, David Kiplyck, and Vladimir Fedorovich. In 1930 Bazhenov leaves the third-year college courses and arrives at the surveyors. According to some sources the reason care was difficult financial situation, on the other – the reorganization of the department of painting. After the course Bazhenov worked in the exploration, first as a surveyor, then the superintendent and chief of field parties. During the expedition he much painted sketches from the life of the Ural Region, Armenia, Khibiny, Karelia, the Caucasus and Kurdistan. From 1934 to 1941 Bazhenov worked at the Leningrad maping factory.

In 1940 he married Catherine Andreyevna Kuznetsova. June 24, 1941 was born the eldest son Alexander, who later became an artist of movies. After the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, Bazhenov together with family was sent to Sverdlovsk city for specialty. In December 1942 he was drafted into the Red Army in the rank of lieutenant-technique as a senior cartographer. Discharged at the end of 1945. He was awarded the Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945".

In late 1945 Bazhenov returned to Leningrad. Since the autumn of 1946 he worked as painter for order in LenIzo. In 1946 was born middle son Vladimir, in 1952 - junior Andrew. The first part Bazhenov in art exhibition refers to 1937. Since 1951 he is constantly involved in Leningrad, Republican, and All-Union exhibitions of soviet artists, including All-Union Art Exhibition of 1957 in Moscow, devoted to the 40th Anniversary of the October Revolution. He painted landscapes, genre scenes, seascapes, sketches from the life, works in oil and tempera paintings. In 1951 Bazhenov was admitted to the Leningrad Union of Artists.

In 1950s to gather material for paintings Bazhenov made some long-time trips around the country, having been in East and West Siberia, in Altai Province and Ural Region. The result of these visits were the lot of excellent in painting nature studies, nominated Bazhenov as a leading Leningrad master of this genre. Among his works of the 1950s and early 1960s "Fishermen"[4] (1949), "Arable land"[5] (1950), "Mstinskoe reservoir", "Early Spring"[6] (both 1951), "Spring Evening"[7] (1953), "Altai-Chemal",[8] "Winter Morning", "Before the Storm", "The Sun hid behind the mountain"[9] (all 1956), "Blue Altai", "Industrial Lights",[10] "Ploughing virgin land in the mountains"[11] (both 1957), "On the bank of Selenga",[12] "On the Barguzin River",[13] "Baykal Lake. The Gull's Island"[14] (all 1958), "Neva Industrial"[15] (1959), "Near Leningrad", "Twilight",[16] "The launching of the tanker Beijing"[17] (1960), "Sunrise",[18] "Lights of Angara River", "Siberian route"[19] (all 1961), "Leningrad port", "Volkhov River", "Old Ladoga"[20] (all 1964), "Winter Sketch", "Spring in the Forest"[21] (both 1965), and others.

In the Ha Long Bay. 1962

In 1962 Bazhenov embarked on a working voyage on the ship "Eugene Nikishin", from Leningrad to Vladivostok around Europe and Asia with stops in ports of Gibraltar, Suez, Singapore and Vietnam. In course of voyage through eleven seas and oceans, which lasted more than three months, Bazhenov created nearly two hundred sketches, paintings, and drawings.[22] Some of large works were conceived by the artist is finished too late in his Leningrad art studio on the base of nature sketches and direct impressions of the voyage.

For the first time about 120 works from this series were exhibited in Leningrad in 1963 after returning from a voyage. Then the exhibition was shown in other cities. Among them are the works "Arabian Coast",[23] "Boats at the Sea", "In the Singapore Strait", "Denmark on the horizon",[24] "In the Ha Long Bay",[25] "Dolphins play", "Suez Canal",[26] and others.

In 1960-1970s Bazhenov with a group of Leningrad artists painted pictures for the mess-room ocean-going ships and submarines. He create about 100 paintings for ships of various purposes, mostly landscapes of our country. Most of this works were on the warships of Pacific and Northern fleets. Also he take part in creation special technologies for protecting the picture from the high humidity in a long-time voyage. In 1976 the artist was awarded the command of the Navy of the USSR for this job.

Since the mid-1960s for twenty years Bazhenov chaired creative groups of artists in the House of Artistic creation in Staraya Ladoga. Here he painted many sketches and paintings, among them "Winter Sketch",[27] "March in the House of Creativity", "Spring Sketch"[28] (all 1967), "By the spring"[29] (1969), "Spring is on the way"[30] (1974), "The House of Artistic Creativity Staraya Ladoga", "Last Snow"[31] (both 1977), "A March"[32] (1980), "In spring at the Volkhov River" (1981), and others.

A special place in the artist's creative journeys belonged to Karelia. For the first time Bazhenov visited here in 1931. In 1981 he first visited Valaam island, which came at the invitation of the local museum. From then until death Valaam was one of the main themes of his work. In 1984 the Valaam museum held a solo exhibition of paintings by Vsevolod Bazhenov. Its funds are kept many paintings executed on impressions from visiting the island.

Vsevolod Andreevich Bazhenov died on August 2, 1986 in Leningrad at the seventy-eighth year of life. He is known mostly for his landscapes, seascapes, and small-format etudes done from nature. His personal exhibitions were in Leningrad (1963, 1982), and Saint Petersburg (1994, 2009). His paintings reside in State Russian Museum, in Art museums and private collections in Russia, Japan,[33] France,[34] England,[35] in the U.S., China, and throughout the world[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Directory of Members of the Union of Artists of USSR. Vol.1. Moscow, Soviet artist, 1979. P.82.
  2. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.19, 24, 356, 388–393, 395, 396, 399, 400, 404–406, 446.
  3. ^ Vsevolod Bazhenov. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Saint-Petersburg, 1994. P.5.
  4. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Auction Catalogue. Paris, Drouot Richelieu, 12 Mars 1990. P.35.
  5. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1950 года. Каталог. М.-Л., Искусство, 1951. С.14.
  6. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1951 года. Каталог. Л., Лениздат, 1951. С.8.
  7. ^ Весенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1953 года. Каталог. Л., ЛССХ, 1953. С.5.
  8. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1958 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1959. С.6.
  9. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1956 года. Каталог. Л., Ленинградский художник, 1958. С.6.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная художественная выставка, посвящённая 40-летию Великой Октябрьской социалистической революции. Каталог. М., Советский художник, 1957. С.10.
  11. ^ 1917 — 1957. Выставка произведений ленинградских художников. Каталог. Л., Ленинградский художник, 1958. С.8.
  12. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1958 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1959. С.6.
  13. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Auction Catalogue. Paris, Drouot Richelieu, 21 Decembre 1990. P.21.
  14. ^ Vsevolod Bazhenov. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Saint-Petersburg, 1994. P.3.
  15. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1961. С.9.
  16. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1963. С.7.
  17. ^ Республиканская художественная выставка «Советская Россия». Каталог. М., Советский художник, 1960. С.15.
  18. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Catalogue. Paris, Drouot Richelieu, June 11, 1990. P.28
  19. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1961 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1964. С.9.
  20. ^ Ленинград. Зональная выставка 1964 года. Каталог. Л, Художник РСФСР, 1965. C.9.
  21. ^ Каталог весенней выставки произведений ленинградских художников 1965 года. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1970. С.8.
  22. ^ Vsevolod Bazhenov. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Saint-Petersburg, 1994. P.6.
  23. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.173.
  24. ^ Vsevolod Bazhenov. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Saint-Petersburg, 1994. P.3.
  25. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.275.
  26. ^ Vsevolod Bazhenov. Painting. Exhibition of works. Catalogue. Saint-Petersburg, 1994. P.4.
  27. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1968 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1971. С.8.
  28. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1968 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1971. С.8.
  29. ^ Каталог весенней выставки произведений ленинградских художников 1969 года. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1970. C.7.
  30. ^ Наш современник. Зональная выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1975 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1980. C.11.
  31. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников. 1978 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1983. С.5.
  32. ^ Зональная выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1980 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1983. C.9.
  33. ^ Exhibition of modern Soviet Painting. 1977. Gekkoso Gallery. Catalogue. Tokyo, 1977. P.20,43,87.
  34. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Auction Catalogue. Paris, Drouot Richelieu, 12 Mars 1990. P.34-35.
  35. ^ Soviet realist and impressionist paintings. London, Phillips, 1994.
  36. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.6–7.

Gallery[edit]

Principal Exhibitions[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]