Wacław Berent

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Wacław Berent

Wacław Berent (Warsaw, 28 September 1878 – 19 November or 22 November 1940, Warsaw) was a Polish novelist, essayist and a literary translator from the Art Nouveau period, publishing under pen names S.A.M. and Wł. Rawicz. He studied natural sciences in Kraków, Zurich, and obtained a PhD in Munich before returning to Warsaw and embarking on a literary career around the turn of the century.[1] Berent became a member of the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature (Polish: Polska Akademia Literatury) in 1933.[2]

Literary output[edit]

Berent translated into Polish Thus Spoke Zarathustra by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Along with Władysław Reymont, he was a leading representative of the realist trend in the Young Poland movement (Polish: Młoda Polska).[1] His main work, a social novel Żywe kamienie (Stones Alive), depicted the circumstances, which threaten the traditional moral values in the industrial era.

He was a critic of the late 19th century Positivist slogans, modernist Polish philosophy and European bohemianism, which postulated the "art for art's sake". In his novel Ozimina (Winter Crop) he depicted the emergence of Polish independence movement prior to the Revolution of 1905. He was an estetic opponent of Romanticism. Also being a Russian Jew he was hated by any anti-Semitics of his time.


  • Próchno (Rotten Wood, 1903)
  • Ozimina (Snowy Crop, 1911)
  • Żywe kamienie (Stoneing Alive, 1918)[3]
  • Nurt (Trend, 1934)
  • Diogenes w kontuszu (Diogenes in a Kontusz, 1937)
  • Zmierzch wodzów (The Dusk of the Commanders, 1939)


  1. ^ a b Polish Literature on the University of Vienna Pages: Wacław Berent. Universität Wien. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  2. ^ Dr Marek Adamiec, Wacław Berent. Virtual Library of Polish Literature. University of Gdansk, 2003.
  3. ^ Kalendarium literatury międzywojennej at the Wayback Machine (archived February 20, 2009). Polska.pl, Literatura. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  • Urbanowski, M. 2003. ‘Berent Wacław’. In: Słownik Pisarzy Polskich. ed. A. Latusek. Cracow: Wydawnictwo Zielona Sowa. pp. 27–28. in Polish
  • Mortkowicz-Olczakowa, Hanna (1961). Bunt wspomnień. Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.