Walter Bailloch

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The tomb effigies of Walter and his wife, Mary, at Inchmahome Priory in Menteith.

Walter "Bailloch" otherwise Walter "Bailloch" Stewart (1225/1230 – 1293/1294), he was distinguished by the sobriquet Bailloch or Balloch, a Gaelic nickname roughly translated as "the freckled". He was the Earl of Menteith jure uxoris.

Life[edit]

Walter was a younger son of Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, and his wife Beatrix of Angus, daughter of Gilchrist, Earl of Angus.[1] In 1258-59, Walter accompanied Louis IV of France on his Crusade, according to tradition.[1] After the death of King Alexander II of Scotland he was aligned with the "English faction", and in 1255 secured the persons of the young King and Queen, but he was not at this time allowed to a share in the government.[2] About 1260, when the Countess Isabella and her husband were forced to leave Scotland, the magnates of Scotland arranged the marriage of her sister, Mary, to Walter Stewart, who took possession of the lands and title, with questions of legal ownership being reserved.[1] He was certainly using the title of Earl (jure uxoris) before 17 April 1261, when he was witness to a grant to the Paisley Abbey.[2]

In the following year Dughall MacSuibhne (MacSween) granted to the Earl the lands of Skipnish, Killislate, and others, being that part of Kintyre called South Knapdale and the parish of Kilcalmonell. Following on this, the Earl granted the church of Kilcalmonell to the monks of Paisley. He also made grants to Kilwinning Abbey of churches in Knapdale, which show that he had possession of North Knapdale also.[3] About 1263 the Earl was Sheriff of Ayr, and aided in making preparations to repel the expected invasion of King Haakon IV of Norway.[1] He and his brother Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland were joint commanders of the Scots in the Battle of Largs.[4] The Earl was Sheriff of Dumbarton in 1271. On 25 July 1281 he was one of the witnesses to and guarantors of the marriage contract of the Princess Margaret with Eirik II of Norway. He, Countess Mary, and a party of Scots barons traveled to Norway accompanying the princess and her dowry of fourteen thousand marks.[5] In 1285 he and his Countess were again attacked by the rival claimants Walter Comyn and his wife Isabella, their claim having been in 1282 pressed upon King Alexander III of Scotland by the English King, and in a Parliament at Scone it was decided that the earldom should be divided into two portions.[6]

One half was retained by Walter Stewart, with the title of Earl, and the other half was erected into a barony for William, the son of John the Red Comyn, and his wife, a daughter of the elder countess by her first husband.[6] The component parts of the earldom which remained to Walter Stewart are not known. The death of King Alexander in 1286 threw the kingdom again into confusion, and during the rivalry which ensued between the parties of Bruce and Balliol, the Earl of Menteith supported the cause of Bruce. In 1289 he was present at Birgham, and approved of the marriage proposed between Prince Edward of England and the young Margaret, Maid of Norway as she was called, the heiress of the Scottish Crown.

Her unhappy death renewed the contest between Bruce and Balliol, and when it was proposed that the King of England should arbitrate, Menteith was one of those named by Bruce as his commissioners. He was present at Norham on 20 November 1292 when the new king John Balliol swore fealty to Edward I of England. This is the last certain record of him, as although letters were addressed by the English King to Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith, on 29 June 1294, it is not clear that he was then alive. He may even have been dead by 10 February 1293, when Balliol's Parliament directed the lands of Knapdale belonging to the Earl to be incorporated in the sheriffdom of Lorn under Alexander of Argyll.

The Countess Mary predeceased her husband, probably before 1286.[7] Their tombstone is preserved in the Priory of Inchmahome, bearing the effigies of husband and wife, the former bearing on his shield the Stewart fess chequy with a label of five points, a device which also appears on his seal of arms in the Public Record Office, London.

View of the Chapter House of Inchmahome Priory; effigies on the right represent the Countess Mary and Walter, Earl of Menteith.

Family[edit]

In 1258 Walter married Mary I, Countess of Menteith. They had issue two sons both of whom assumed the surname Menteith[8] and at least one daughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VIII, eds. H. A. Doubleday; Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1932), p. 662
  2. ^ a b The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. VI, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), p. 130
  3. ^ The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. VI, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), p. 131
  4. ^ Michael Brown, The Wars of Scotland: 1214-1371 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Ltd., 2004), pp. 56-7
  5. ^ William Anderson, The Scottish nation, vol. I (London; Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co., 1877), p. 96
  6. ^ a b E. William Robertson, Scotland Under Her Early Kings: A History of the Kingdom to the Close of the Thirteenth Century, Vol. II (Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, 1862), p. 79
  7. ^ George Edward Cokayne, The complete peerage; or, A history of the House of lords and all its members from the earliest times, Vol. VIII, eds. H. A. Doubleday; Howard de Walden (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1932), p. 663
  8. ^ Bernard Burke, Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Burke's Peerage/Genealogical Publishing Co., 1883/ Reprinted 1985, 1996), p. 365
  9. ^ a b The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. VI, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1909), p. 134

This article incorporates text from The Scots Peerage (1904-1914) , a publication now in the public domain.

See also[edit]

  • Brown, Michael, The Wars of Scotland, 1214-1371, (Edinburgh, 2004)
  • Brydall, Robert, "Monumental Effigies of Scotland, from the Thirteenth Century to the Fifteenth Century", in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 29 (1894–95), figure 15, p. 353.