Waynesboro, Pennsylvania

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Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
Borough
Downtown Waynesboro
Downtown Waynesboro
Waynesboro, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°45′13″N 77°34′55″W / 39.75361°N 77.58194°W / 39.75361; -77.58194Coordinates: 39°45′13″N 77°34′55″W / 39.75361°N 77.58194°W / 39.75361; -77.58194
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Franklin
Settled 1749
Government
 • Type Borough Council
 • Mayor Richard Starliper
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (9 km2)
Elevation 718 ft (219 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,568
 • Density 3,108.23/sq mi (1,200.09/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17268
Area code(s) 717
Website Waynesboro

Waynesboro is a borough in Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Waynesboro is in the Cumberland Valley between Hagerstown, Maryland, and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. It is part of Chambersburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. It is 2 miles north of the Mason–Dixon line and close to Camp David and the Raven Rock Mountain Complex. The population within the borough limits was 10,568 at the 2010 census. When combined with the surrounding Washington and Quincy Townships the population of greater Waynesboro is 28,285. The Waynesboro Area School District serves a resident population of 32,386, according to 2010 federal census data.

History[edit]

The region around Antietam Creek had been home to Native Americans for centuries prior to settlement by white men in the mid-18th Century. Beginning in 1751 a certain John Wallace obtained several warrants for the land on which the centre of the town now stands. In 1797 John Wallace, a son of the original settler, laid out the town of Waynesburg. When incorporated in 1831, the borough was given the name "Waynesboro'.". It is one of several dozen towns, cities, and counties named after General Anthony Wayne.

During the American Civil War, Waynesboro played a part in the Gettysburg Campaign in June and July 1863. In the week before the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate Major General Jubal Early's division of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell's corps of the Army of Northern Virginia passed through the community on its way northward. After the battle, General Robert E. Lee rode through the border community with his retreating forces. In 1963, a book, Fifteen Days under the Confederate Flag, told of the occupation. Waynesboro During the Civil War, published in 2011, recounts the experiences of Waynesboro's residents during the war.

Waynesboro was chiefly an industrial town in the early years of the 20th century. It was known for the manufacture of engines, boilers, grinders, threshers, boring machines, bolt cutters, wood and iron workers' vises, nut facers, etc. There were also foundries and machine shops and manufactories of lumber products. Some local manufacturing companies included the Frick & Co., the Geiser Company, and the Landis Tool Company. In 1900, 5,396 people lived in the town; in 1910, 7,199 people; and in 1940 10,231 (more than in 2000).

Waynesboro is home to Renfrew Museum and Park,[1] an historical museum depicting 18th century farm life, named after two young sisters who reputedly died there in 1764 during an Indian attack.

The Alexander Hamilton House, Borough Hall of the Borough of Waynesboro, Joseph J. Oller House, and Royer-Nicodemus House and Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Geography[edit]

Waynesboro is located at 39°45'13" North, 77°34'55" West (39.753685, -77.581980)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2). 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,019
1860 1,233 21.0%
1870 1,345 9.1%
1880 1,888 40.4%
1890 3,811 101.9%
1900 5,396 41.6%
1910 7,199 33.4%
1920 9,720 35.0%
1930 10,167 4.6%
1940 10,231 0.6%
1950 10,334 1.0%
1960 10,427 0.9%
1970 10,011 −4.0%
1980 9,726 −2.8%
1990 9,578 −1.5%
2000 9,614 0.4%
2010 10,568 9.9%
Est. 2012 10,633 0.6%
Sources:[4][5][6][7]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 10,568 people, 4,512 households, and 2,740 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,108.2 people per square mile (1,200.09/km²). There were 4,969 housing units at an average density of 1461.4 per square mile (564.2/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.6% White, 2.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 4,512 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $41,155, and the median income for a family was $48,379. Males had a median income of $35,754 versus $30,872 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,749. About 7.0% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://renfrewmuseum.org/
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]