Westbury College Gatehouse

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Westbury College Gatehouse
061202 ukbris wcg01.jpg
Westbury College Gatehouse
Westbury College Gatehouse is located in Bristol
Westbury College Gatehouse
Location within Bristol
General information
Town or city Bristol
Country England
Coordinates 51°29′40″N 2°37′02″W / 51.4945°N 2.6171°W / 51.4945; -2.6171
Construction started 1459
Completed 1469

Westbury College Gatehouse (grid reference ST573775) is a 15th-century gatehouse to the 13th-century College of Priests located in Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, England, and now a National Trust property. It is a grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The Gatehouse originally formed part of Westbury College, a residence for the Dean and Canons of Holy Trinity Church. The College building was fortified with towers, turrets and battlements surrounding a quadrangle, onto which the gatehouse opened. The College itself had been founded earlier, but these buildings were erected between 1459 and 1469 by John Carpenter, Bishop of Worcester and Westbury.[2] William Canynge, the notable Bristol merchant and politician, may have contributed to their construction.[1] He trained for the priesthood in Westbury from 1467 and was made Dean in 1469.[3]

In 1544, after the Dissolution, the College became a private dwelling. In 1643 during the English Civil War it was burnt by Prince Rupert's forces, to prevent its use by Parliamentarian troops.[3] By 1771, a Georgian house had been built alongside the gatehouse. Now, the only other surviving parts of the original College are two round towers and the retaining wall alongside the River Trym. These can be seen from College Road and Trym Road.[2]

Current use[edit]

The College Gatehouse was acquired in 1907 by the National Trust, and is currently on a 100 year lease to Holy Trinity Church. It is managed by the Church as a local meeting place, and is regularly used by the Church youth groups, as well as the local Air Cadets 2442 Squadron and the local school Westbury Primary's After School Club.

Tours of the building can be arranged via the National Trust office at Leigh Woods in Bristol.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Westbury College and College House". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  2. ^ a b Plaque on building.
  3. ^ a b "Ancient Parish of Westbury-on-Trym". Holy Trinity Church. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 

External links[edit]