Wild onion dinner
Wild Onion dinners are social gatherings held in the spring by various Native American tribes in Oklahoma, especially southeastern tribes. The meals focus on the spring appearance of wild onion, a food that was familiar to most of the tribes east of the Mississippi.
"Wild onion" refers to several plant species but most commonly Allium vineale or Allium canadense. Allium tricoccum or ramps are a traditional food in the eastern United States but not Oklahoma. Families often gather wild onions together from February to April. The plants can be found even in urban areas. Typically the wild onions are fried with scrambled eggs. Poke salad can be added.
Pork, frybread, and corn bread are popular side dishes. The traditional dessert is grape dumplings, traditionally made from the juice of indigenous grapes, commonly called "possum grapes." Today the dumplings are often made from frozen grape juice and biscuit mix.
Many of these feasts are held by cultural clubs, Indian churches, and stompgrounds. They can include gospel sings or prayers in tribal languages. Stickball games are also common, a game that inspired the French adaptation of lacrosse.
A 1932 cookbook published by the Indian Women's Club of Tulsa suggests substituting scallions with one clove of garlic for wild onions, to be fried in bacon grease. The Bartlesville Indian Women's Club has held an annual wild onion festival for over half a century.
- Milbauer, John A. "Wild Onion Dinners." Oklahoma History Center's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (retrieved 2 March 2010)
- Zanger, 61
- "Wild Onions." Cherokee Nation. (retrieved 2 March 2010)
- Middleton, Nicole Marshall. "Grape Dumplings Make Unique Dessert with American Indian Influence." Tulsa World. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 15 Mar 2012.
- Bouziden, 4
- Bouziden, Deborah. Off The Beaten Path Oklahoma. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7627-4876-1.
- Zanger, Mark. The American Ethnic Cookbook for Students. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1573563451.