Will of God
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In Judaism, the will of God is said to be encompassed both in the Ten Commandments and in the Mitzvah (Hebrew: מצווה, "commandment"; plural, mitzvos or mitzvot; from צוה, tzavah, "command"). Mitzvah is a word used in Judaism to refer to the 613 commandments given in the Torah and the seven rabbinic commandments instituted later. The Seven Laws of Noah (Sheva mitzvot B'nei Noach), often referred to as the Noahide Laws, are a set of seven moral imperatives that, according to the Talmud, were given by God to Noah as a binding set of laws for all mankind.
In Christianity, some assert the Law of Christ, a supersessionist view that Jesus "commandments" superseded Jewish law. Leslie Weatherhead says that God's will falls into three distinct categories; intentional, circumstantial, and ultimate. God intends for people to follow his guidelines and do the right thing; God set the laws of physics and chemistry into play, and those circumstances will sometimes cause difficulties. That does not mean we should not struggle against circumstances to create God's ultimate will, a peaceful world dominated by love and compassion.
In Islam, submission and surrender are terms referring to the acceptance of God's will, while Sharia is a concept expressing Islamic jurisprudence, or an Islamic form of religious government, claims to be the more perfect fulfillment of the will of God.
Hukam is a Punjabi word derived from the Arabic hukm, meaning "command" or "order." The whole of the Universe is subject to the hukam of God and nothing ever happens without the will of God. This is accepted as one of the primary concepts of Sikhism.
O Nanak, by the Hukam of God's Command, we come and go in reincarnation. ((20))—Japji Sahib Stanza 20
As for Deism, it has been explained:
In general, the deists believed reason to be an innate faculty of all people. Reason, the very image of God in which all humans are created, makes possible knowledge of the will of God. By the exercise of reason, people possess the possibility of adopting a natural religion, that is, a religion grounded in the nature of the universe. At creation, God established this rational order, but although the prime and necessary cause of this order, God had become increasingly remote. The world, nevertheless, continued to function according to the laws that God had established at creation, laws that operate without the need of divine intervention.
A similar formulation would apply to the subtype Pandeism, except that instead of becoming remote, God has become inaccessible and non intervening through its choice to fully become our Universe.
- Deus vult, a Latin expression meaning "God wills it", canonically expressed at the outset of the First Crusade.
- Divine law, any law that, according to religious belief, comes directly from the will of God, in contrast to man-made law.
- Divine will is the will of God, in contrast to human will.
- "God willing" is an English expression often used to indicate that the speaker hopes that his or her actions are those that are willed by God, or that it is in accordance with God's will that some desired event will come to pass, or that some negative event will not come to pass.
- Insha'Allah, an Arab-Islamic expression meaning "God willing".
- Masha'Allah, an Arab-Islamic expression meaning "God has willed it".
- Luisa Piccarreta
- Plan of salvation, in general Christian concept.
- Providentialism is a belief that God's will is evident in all occurrences. It can further be described as a belief that the power of God (or Providence) is so complete that humans cannot equal fully understand it.
- Leslie D. Weatherhead, The Will of God, Abington Press, Nashville, 1990. ISBN 0-687-45601-0
- William Baird, History of New Testament Research: From Deism to Tübingen, page 39, 1992.