|William Henry Bidlake
Garth House in Edgbaston, Birmingham, designed by the architect
12 May 1861|
|Died||6 April 1938
Wadhurst, Sussex, England
|Style||Arts and Crafts|
|Awards||RIBA Pugin Travelling Fellowship|
William Henry Bidlake MA, FRIBA (12 May 1861 – 6 April 1938) was an English architect, a leading figure of the Arts and Crafts movement in Birmingham and Director of the School of Architecture at Birmingham School of Art from 1919 until 1924.
Several of Bidlake's houses in the Birmingham area were featured in Hermann Muthesius's book Das englische Haus ("The English House"), which was to prove influential on the early Modern Movement in Germany.
Life and career
Bidlake was born in Wolverhampton, the son of local architect George Bidlake (from whom he received his earliest architectural training), and educated at Tettenhall College and Christ's College, Cambridge. In 1882 he moved to London where he studied at the Royal Academy Schools and worked for Gothic Revival architects Bodley and Garner. In 1885 he won the RIBA Pugin Travelling Fellowship for his draughtsmanship, which enabled him to spend 1886 travelling in Italy.
On returning to England in 1887 Bidlake settled in Birmingham where he set up in independent practice and, from 1893, pioneered the teaching of architecture at the Birmingham School of Art. Famously ambidextrous, his party trick was to sketch with both hands simultaneously.
Bidlake designed many Arts and Crafts-influenced houses in upmarket Birmingham districts such as Edgbaston, Moseley and Four Oaks (the latter then in Warwickshire and absorbed into Birmingham in 1974), along with a series of more Gothic-influenced churches such as St Agatha's, Sparkbrook – generally considered his masterpiece.
Major built works
- St Thomas' Church, Stourbridge. Apse (1890), north chancel screen (nd).
- The Dene, 2 Bracebridge Road, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (1895-1896) Grade II
- Woodside, 51 Bracebridge Road, Four Oaks, Sutton Coldfield (1898) - built for himself
- 17 Barker Road, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (1898) Grade II
- St Oswald's Church, Small Heath, Birmingham (1892–9) Grade II*
- 18 Dora Road, Small Heath, Birmingham (1899) Grade II
- College of Art, Balsall Heath, Birmingham (1899) Grade II*
- St Patrick's Church, Salter Street, Hockley Heath, Birmingham (chancel) (1899) Grade C
- Woodgate, 37 Hartopp Road, Four Oaks, Sutton Coldfield (1900) - built for himself Grade II
- Garth House, 47 Edgbaston Park Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham (1901) Grade II*
- The Hurst, 6 Amesbury Road, Moseley, Birmingham
- St Agatha's Church, Stratford Road, Sparkbrook, Birmingham (1901) Grade I
- 100 Sampson Road, Sparkbrook, Birmingham (St Agatha's Vicarage) (1901) Grade II*
- St Winnow, 22 Ladywood Road, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (1902) Grade II
- Bishop Latimer Memorial Church, Winson Green, Birmingham (1904)
- The Knoll, Glebe Road, Oadby, Leicestershire (1907) Grade II and Stables Grade II
- St Andrew's Church, Oxhill Road, Handsworth, Birmingham (1907–9) Grade I
- St Matthew's Church, Shuttington, Warwickshire (restoration) (1908-1909) Grade II
- St Mary's Church, Wythall, Worcestershire. Roof and stair turret (nd).
- Emmanuel Church, Wylde Green, Sutton Coldfield (1909) Grade C
- Gates and four sets of gate piers to Handsworth Cemetery. (1909) Grade II
- Lodge to Handsworth Cemetery (1909) Grade II
- Mortuary Chapel, Handsworth Cemetery (1910)
- St Clears, 79 Farquhar Road, Birmingham (1914) Grade II
- Sparkhill United Church, Stratford Road (1932–3) English Heritage. "Grade II (1096067)". National Heritage List for England.
- "Bidlake, William Henry (BDLK878WH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "William Henry Bidlake MA, FRIBA". Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951,. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p268
- The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p338
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Bidlake.|
- Foster, Andy. Pevsner Architectural Guides: Birmingham. Yale University Press: New Haven & London, 2005 ISBN 0-300-10731-5
- Crawford, Alan (ed.). By Hammer and Hand: The Arts and Crafts Movement in Birmingham. Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, 1984 ISBN 0-7093-0119-7
- Mitchell, Trevor. Birmingham's Victorian and Edwardian Architects Phillada Ballard. ed. Oblong, 2009 ISBN 978-0-9556576-2-7. http://www.victoriansociety.org.uk/news/new-book-celebrates-birminghams-victorian-and-edwardian-architects/.
- Literature by and about William Bidlake in the German National Library catalogue