Wadhurst

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Wadhurst
Wadhurst is located in East Sussex
Wadhurst
Wadhurst
 Wadhurst shown within East Sussex
Area  40.1 km2 (15.5 sq mi) [1]
Population 4,818 (Parish-2007)[1]
   – density  311/sq mi (120/km2)
OS grid reference TQ640318
   – London  36 miles (58 km) NNW 
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WADHURST
Postcode district TN5
Dialling code 01892
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wealden
Website Wadhurst Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 51°04′N 0°20′E / 51.06°N 0.34°E / 51.06; 0.34

For the Melbourne grammar school campus, see Melbourne Grammar School

Wadhurst is a market town in East Sussex, England. It is the centre of the civil parish of Wadhurst, which also includes the hamlets of Cousley Wood and Tidebrook. Wadhurst is twinned with Aubers in France.

Situation[edit]

Wadhurst is situated on the Kent-Sussex border seven miles (11 km) east of Crowborough and about seven miles (11 km) south of Tunbridge Wells. Other nearby settlements include Ticehurst, Burwash, Mayfield and Heathfield in East Sussex, and Lamberhurst, Hawkhurst and Cranbrook in Kent.

Physically, Wadhurst lies on a high ridge of the Weald - a range of wooded hills running across Sussex and Kent between the North Downs and the South Downs. The reservoir of Bewl Water is nearby. The River Bewl, which is a sub-tributary of the River Medway, and the Limden rise within the civil parish of Wadhurst.

History[edit]

The name Wadhurst (Wadeherst in early records)[citation needed] is Anglo-Saxon and most probably derives from Wada which is believed to be the name of a Saxon tribe which occupied the area[citation needed] and began the clearing of the forests in the 7th or 8th century. There is an Anglo-Saxon manor known as Bivelham which lay between the parishes of Wadhurst and Mayfield.

Although Wadhurst was almost certainly in existence at the time of the Domesday survey in 1086,[citation needed] it was part of the Archbishop of Canterbury's land and was therefore not mentioned.[citation needed] The earliest record relating to the area is a reference in the Cartulary of Battle Abbey to "Snape in the parish of Wadhurst".[citation needed]

Henry III granted Wadhurst its charter in 1253,[citation needed] allowing Wadhurst to hold a market every Saturday and a fair on 29 June, the feast of St Peter and St Paul.[citation needed]

In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries Wadhurst, as did many towns and villages in the Weald, had a thriving iron industry.[citation needed] Two of the large Georgian buildings in the High Street, Hill House and The Old Vicarage, were both ironmasters' houses, along with a number of other large houses on the outskirts of Wadhurst.[citation needed] In the church of St Peter and St. Paul there are several iron ledger-stone memorials of ironmasters, which are unique to this area.[citation needed]

On the 16 October 1925 a Air Union Farman F.60 Goliath F-HMFU was operating an flight from Paris to Croydon Airport. While en route the flight encountered fog and the pilot descended to get better visibility. The pilot descended to low and the aircraft struck a tree and crashed into a field near Wadhurst. The crash killed three of the six passengers and crew on board, was recovered and later placed at Le Bourget Museum. It was named 'Île de France'.[2][3][4][5]

During World War I, Wadhurst lost 149 men, out of a total village population of 3,500. The worst losses were during the Battle of Aubers Ridge, when 25 men from Wadhurst were killed in one day: nearly 80% of the men from Wadhurst who went into No Man's Land that day.[6]

On 20 January 1958 a Royal Air Force Gloster Meteor night fighter WS661, on a training flight from RAF North Luffenham, crashed into the High Street. A number of shops and buildings were destroyed or damaged. The accident killed both of the Meteor crew and two people on the ground.

Buildings and people[edit]

Commemoration hall on High Street.

Wadhurst is a small market town, and has kept a very good range of shops considering its size. It has a traditional butcher, baker, ironmonger, hairdresser, bank, post office, gift shop, several pubs and much more. Such a wide range of small traders and services is almost unique in the villages in the locality. The population of the ward was 4,883 at the 2011 Census.[7]

There are three buildings of particular architectural interest in the town itself, and a number of old manor houses and farms nearby. The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul dominates the centre of the town. Wadhurst's heritage as a centre of the iron industry is shown by the many iron gravestones in the church. There are two early Georgian houses on the High Street, the Old Vicarage and Hill House. On the outskirts is the 19th century Wadhurst Castle.

The rest of the town is in a variety of vernacular styles, from the 15th century onwards; and little in the centre of the town is very modern apart from a range of shops which replaced the Queens Head Hotel, demolished in a jet crash in the 1950s.

The Victorian era saw the town expand towards the new railway station, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the town. The station (the highest in southern England) is on the line from London Charing Cross to Hastings via Tunbridge Wells, and was opened in 1851 by the South Eastern Railway. The resulting expansion brought the hamlets of Sparrow's Green, Turners Green and Best Beech Hill into the town. In addition to the railway, there are buses to Tunbridge Wells, Crowborough and Hastings, as well as community transport and 'rail link' buses to Ticehurst and Mayfield.[8]

In the centre of Wadhurst there are two churches: St. Peter and St.Paul is an Anglican church; parts of it date from the 12th century.[9][10][11] Wadhurst Methodist Church is also in the High Street and was founded in 1874.[11] There is a Catholic church in Mayfield Lane attached to the Sacred Heart school.[11][12] The three churches also participate in Churches Together, an interdenominational organization, along with St John the Baptist, an Anglican church in Tidebrook, and St Peter in Stonegate.[13]

There are also two early 19th century former Strict Baptist chapels of similar design in the hamlets of Pell Green (Rehoboth Chapel) and Shover's Green (the Shover's Green Baptist Chapel).[14] Both are listed at Grade II.[15][16]

Wadhurst has two schools in the state-maintained sector: a Church of England primary school (with a nursery) in Sparrows Green[17] and Uplands, a community secondary school and sixth form with technology college status.[18] The latter also has an affiliated youth and community centre. In addition, in Mayfield Lane there is an independent Catholic preparatory school, Sacred Heart.[19][20] Wadhurst also used to be the site of Bellerbys College (formerly known as Wadhurst College and Micklefield Wadhurst), a private girls' school on Mayfield Lane that has been defunct since about 2004.

Wadhurst United F.C.[edit]

Wadhurst United F.C. (based at the Recreation Ground, South View Road) is Wadhurst's local football team. They were formed in 1890 and joined the Sussex County League Division Three in 2004. They left the league after the 2005–06 season, to rejoin the East Sussex Football League. The club won the East Sussex League Division Two title in the 2008-09 season. They also have many junior teams of different ages.

Notable people[edit]

  • Jeff Beck, guitarist, has lived in Wadhurst since summer 1975. His move came a few months after the release of his Blow by Blow album, which reached #4 in the U.S. His large stone country house dates to 1591.[21]
  • William Bidlake, (1861-1938), architect, moved to Wadhurst in 1924 and practised there until his death.
  • Caroline Augusta Foley Rhys Davids, Pāli language scholar and translator
  • Davina McCall, television presenter, resides in Wadhurst [22]
  • Irfan Orga (1908–70), exiled Turkish writer, lived at Spike Island, Wadhurst, 1961–70
  • Hans Rausing, billionaire inheritor of Tetra Pak, has a house and deer park in Wadhurst

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Kelly, Jon (11 November 2011). "Thankful villages: The places where everyone came back from the wars". BBC News. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "National Statistics - Neighbourhood statistics by ward". 
  8. ^ Bus Services, wadhurst.info
  9. ^ The church building, St Peters and St Pauls church website
  10. ^ Church page on wadhurst.info
  11. ^ a b c All about Wadhurst: Wadhurst Chapels and Churches, wadhurst.info
  12. ^ Sacred Heart, Wadhurst churches, wadhurst.info
  13. ^ Churches Together in Wadhurst, wadhurst.info
  14. ^ Stell, Christopher (2002). Nonconformist Chapels and Meeting-houses in Eastern England. Swindon: English Heritage. p. 352. ISBN 1-873592-50-7. 
  15. ^ "Detailed Record: Baptist Chapel, Ticehurst Road, Shover's Green, Wadhurst, Wealden, East Sussex". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  16. ^ "Detailed Record: Rehoboth Chapel, Pell's Green (sic), Wadhurst, Wealden, East Sussex". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  17. ^ Wadhurst CE Primary School homepage
  18. ^ Uplands home page
  19. ^ Sacred Heart school, Wadhurst
  20. ^ History of schools in Wadhurst, wadhurst.info
  21. ^ Hjort, Christopher, and Doug Hinman (2000). Jeff's Book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career, 1965-1980; From the Yardbirds to Jazz-Rock. Rumford, Rhode Island: Rock 'n' Roll Research Press. p. 165. 
  22. ^ Big Brother's Davina McCall moves to Wadhurst

References[edit]