William Marlow (1740 – 14 January 1813) was a British landscape and marine painter and etcher.
From 1765 to 1768, on the advice of the Duchess of Northumberland, he travelled in France and Italy. On his return to Britain he renewed his contributions to the Society of Artists, and took up residence in Leicester Square, London - he was made a Fellow of the Society in 1771.
In 1788 he moved to Twickenham, and started to exhibit at the Royal Academy, showing works regularly until 1796, and again, for the last time, in 1807, when he exhibited Twickenham Ferry by Moonlight.
Marlow died in Twickenham on 14 January 1813.
Marlow painted in both oils and watercolours, and drew marine and landscape scenes. He was influenced by Richard Wilson and Canaletto. According to one critic, "his drawings are graceful but of no great power, and his method in water-colour did not advance beyond tinting", and "he realised a moderate competence". Another writer commented, "his watercolours are rather feeble in the stained manner, but his views of the Thames are truthful and delicate in colour".
His subjects were generally British country scenes, but he painted some pictures from his Italian sketches, and etched some of the latter, as well as some views on the Thames. His views of the bridges at Westminster and Blackfriars in London were engraved.
He made some etchings: in 1795 his former pupil, John Curtis, published a set of six Italian views by Marlow.
Marlow contributed to an album of watercolours illustrating William Chambers's designs for buildings and improvements at Kew Gardens. In 1763 the pictures were engraved and published in a volume entitled Plans, Elevations, Sections and Perspective Views of the Gardens and Buildings of Kew in Surrey, the Seat of Her Royal Highness, the Princess Dowager of Wales.
In an oil painting entitled Capriccio: St Paul's and a Venetian Canal (c.1795), now in the collection of the Tate Gallery, Marlow created an architectural fantasy in which Wren's cathedral was transferred to the Italian city.
Marlow exhibited in all 152 works - 125 at the Society of Artists, two at the Free Society of Artists, and twenty-five at the Royal Academy.
- Binyon, Laurence (1933). A & C Black Ltd. pp. 18–19 English watercolours http://www.archive.org/details/englishwatercolo013590mbp English watercolours. Missing or empty
- Monkhouse, Cosmo. William Marlow (Dictionary of National Biography)
- Redgrave, G. R. (1905). A History of Water-Colour Painting in England. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. pp. 46–47.
- "A View near Naples". Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "William Marlow: View of the Wilderness at Kew". Metropolitan Museum. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Tate Collection Capriccio: St Paul's and a Venetian Canal". Tate Gallery.
- William Marlow, BBC, accessed August 2011
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Marlow, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Marlow.|
- William Marlow online (ArtCyclopedia)
- William Marlow biography ("Grove Dictionary of Art" at artnet.com)
- Works by Marlow (Government Art Collection)
- Works by Marlow (Tate Gallery)
- View of the Lake and the Island from the Lawn at Kew (1763, watercolour - The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
- View of the Wilderness at Kew (1763, watercolour - The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
- Strawberry Hill (V & A)
- A Town and Castle on a River (oil on canvas - National Galleries of Scotland)