Working Group on Arbitrary Detention
The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention is a UN-mandated body of independent human rights experts that investigates cases of arbitrary arrest and detention that may be in violation of international human rights law.
It was established in 1991 by the former Commission on Human Rights as one of the "Special Procedures" created to monitor human rights violations, and is currently under the purview of the UN Human Rights Council. In September 2013, its mandate was extended by the Council for another three years.
After verifying information from a variety of sources, including non-governmental organisations, inter-governmental agencies and victims' families, the Working Group issues opinions on the compliance with international law and sends urgent appeals to governments to ascertain the whereabouts and condition of those allegedly detained. It can also conduct fact-finding visits to countries that have extended an invitation to the Working Group.
Former members include:
- Aslan Abashidze Russia
- Tamás Bán Hungary
- Carmena Castrillo Spain
- Roberto Garretón Chile
- Seyyed Mohammad Hashemi Iran
- Laity Kama Senegal
- Louis Joinet France
- Kapil Sibal India
- El Hadji Malick Sow Senegal
- Petr Uhl Czech Republic
- Soledad Villagra de Biedermann Paraguay
- Leïla Zerroügui Algeria
The current members of the Working Group are:
- Mads Andenas (Chair-Rapporteur) Norway 2009-2015
- Vladimir Tochilovsky (Vice Chair) Ukraine 2010-2016
- Roland Adjovi Benin 2014-2020
- Seong-Phil Hong South Korea 2014-2020
- José Antonio Guevara Mexico 2014-2020