Xanthomonas campestris

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Xanthomonas campestris
Xanthomonas leaf spot.png
Leaf spot of English ivy caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. hederae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Xanthomonadales
Family: Xanthomonadaceae
Genus: Xanthomonas
Binomial name
Xanthomonas campestris
(Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939

Type Strain NCPPB 528

Synonyms

Bacillus campestris Pammel 1895
Pseudomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Smith 1897
Bacterium campestris (Pammel 1895) Smith 1897
Phytomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Bergey et al. 1923

Xanthomonas campestris is bacterial species that causes a variety of plant diseases. Available from the NCPPB and other international Culture collections such as ICMP, ATCC, and LMG in a purified form, it is used in the commercial production of a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide - xanthan gum - that is an efficient viscosifier of water and that has many important uses, especially in the food industry. It causes spots on the infected plant.

Types of Xanthomonas campestris[edit]

(pv. means pathovar, a type of classification based on the host plant that is attacked by Xanthomonas campestris)

  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. armoraciae
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. begoniae A
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. begoniae B
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. carota
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. corylina
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. dieffenbachiae
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. graminis
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. hederae
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. hyacinthi
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. juglandis - the walnut blight
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum or Xanthomonas citri subsp. malvacearum [1]
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. nigromaculans
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. pelargonii
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. poinsettiicola
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. prunii
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. sesami
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. tardicrescens
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. viticola[2]

The former pv. citri, which causes citrus canker, was reclassified as X. axonopodis in 1995 Xanthomonas campestris#cite note-0. In 2006, the species designations for pv. citri and malvacearum were revised to X. citri and these pathovars are now referred to as subspecies Xanthomonas campestris#cite note-1.

Publication[edit]

  • Gerhard Reuther, Martin Bahmann: Elimination of Xanthomonas campestris pv. pelargonii by Means of Micropropagation of Pelargonium Stock Plants; In: 3rd International Geranium Conference, 1992. Proceedings, Ball Publishing Batavia, IL. USA ; (1992),

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.academicjournals.org/AJMR/PDF/Pdf2012/23Feb/Razaghi%20et%20al.pdf
  2. ^ Outbreak of grapevine bacterial canker disease in India. R. Chand and R. Kishun, Vitis, 1990, volume 29, pages 183-188 (article)
  • Schaad NW, Postnikova E, Lacy GH, Sechler A, Agarkova I, Stromberg PE, Stromberg VK, Vidaver AK (2006). "Emended classification of xanthomonad pathogens on citrus." Syst Appl Microbiol 29(8): 690-695.
  • Vauterin L, Hoste B, Kersters K, and Swings J (1995). "Reclassification of Xanthomonas." Int J Syst Bacteriol 45: 472-489.