Yakima Park Stockade Group
Yakima Park Stockade Group
|Location||Sunrise (Yakima Park), Mount Rainier National Park, Washington|
|Architect||Ernest A. Davidson; Et al.|
|Governing body||NATIONAL PARK SERVICE|
|NRHP Reference #||87001337|
|Added to NRHP||May 28, 1987|
|Designated NHL||May 28, 1987|
Yakima Park Stockade Group, also known as North and South Blockhouses, Museum, and Stockade at Sunrise, is a building complex consisting of four log buildings in Mount Rainier National Park that is architecturally significant on its own. The first of the blockhouses and the stockade were built in 1930, while the second blockhouse followed in 1943. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987. It is in turn part of the Mount Rainier National Historic Landmark District, which encompasses the entire park and which recognizes the park's inventory of Park Service-designed rustic architecture.
Design and construction
The stockade complex was designed by architect A. Paul Brown and landscape architect Ernest A. Davidson of the National Park Service. The design concept originated with Davidson, who was inspired by early structures erected by settlers against the possibility of Indian raids. Stone came from a rockslide about a mile away, and the white pine for framing and siding came from the area of the White River, about twelve miles from Yakima Park. Davidson had mixed feelings about the development, commenting that the location was less attractive than it had been before it was developed, but was still far superior to other developed areas of the park that had grown with no plan or regulation.
The south blockhouse was built first, in 1930. While it appears to be constructed of logs, it is a wood-frame structure with log siding. The square two-story building has a battered stone foundation wall extending to sill level, which is overhung by the second floor. The south blockhouse housed administrative and interpretation services for the Yakima Park area. The south blockhouse initially contained two administrative offices on the first floor, as well as a kitchen, dining room and living room for staff. The upper level included six bedrooms and two bathrooms. The Stockade is a vertical log fence built in the 1930s that hid a mess hall, since demolished, and which now conceals a split-face concrete block water treatment building built in 1985. Work on the visitor center and the north blockhouse began in 1939, and was completed in 1943, delayed by funding problems. The north blockhouse resembles the south blockhouse, with greater attention to stonework. The north blockhouse houses seasonal park employees. The visitor center is set between and behind the blockhouses, with a view of Mount Rainier through large south-facing windows. The building was previously known as the "campers' shelter" and the Museum. The visitor center is built of logs, with an overhanging second story, but with less of an overhang than the blockhouses. All of the structures have hipped roofs clad with cedar shingles.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Yakima Park Stockade Group". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
- Filley 1996, p. 70
- Laura Soullière Harrison (1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Yakima Park Stockade Group / North and South Blockhouses, Museum, and Stockade at Sunrise" (pdf). National Park Service. and PDF (32 KB)
- ""Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Yakima Park Stockade Group", by Laura Soullière Harrison". National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
- Harrison, Laura Soulliere. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Yakima Park Stockade Group". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- Filley, Bette (1996). The Big Fact Book About Mount Rainier, Dunamis House, ISBN 1-880405-06-7.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. WA-236, "Yakima Park Stockade Group, Longmire vicinity, Pierce County, WA"