|Óscar Ramírez Durand|
|Leader of the Shining Path|
September 1992 – July 14, 1999
|Preceded by||Abimael Guzmán|
|Succeeded by||Comrade Artemio|
|Born||16 March 1953|
|Political party||Communist Party of Peru - Shining Path|
|Residence||National Penitentiary Institute (Peru)|
Ramírez is the son of a retired Peruvian general and the second of seven brothers. Being studious from a young age and enjoying mental challenges such as chess, Ramírez was awarded the medal of academic excellence from the College of Saint Francis of Assisi in Arequipa, Peru.
Capture And Imprisonment
Ramírez assumed control of the Shining Path after Abimael Guzmán was captured by the authorities in 1992. Ramírez himself was captured in 1999 and sentenced to life imprisonment. He would be granted a retrial in 2004.
His reduced sentence is the result of his collaboration with Peruvian authorities and enmity with Guzmán: in 2003 he described him to the Caretas magazine as a "psychopath" and stated that "He (Guzmán) was always a coward and a traitor". Caretas has also published extracts from his conversations with the former head of the Peruvian National Intelligence Service, Vladimiro Montesinos in which family links with the terrorist emerged, both being cousins.
- "Shining Path Rebel Leader Is Captured in Peru". The Washington Post. 1999-07-15. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "Shining Path's leader finally captured". The Scotsman. 1999-07-15. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "Peru's Shining Path Leaders to Face Trial". Associated Press. 2004-10-19. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "Peru court hands rebel leader 24-year sentence after civilian retrial". Associated Press. 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
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