1867 North German federal election

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February 1867 North German federal election

← 1848 February 12, 1867 (1867-02-12) 1867 (Aug) →

All 297 seats in the Reichstag
162 seats needed for a majority
Turnout~65% (in Prussian constituencies)
  First party Second party Third party
  Rudolf von Bennigsen.jpg No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Eduard Georg von Bethusy-Huc
Party NLP Conservatives DRP
Leader since 1867 1866
Last election Reichstag created
Seats won 80 59 39

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Seib, Jacob - Georg von Vincke, Abgeordneter des 13. Westfälischen Wahlbezirks, Frankfurt (Zeno Fotografie).jpg Benedikt Waldeck (IZ 54-1870 S 445).jpg Ludwig Windthorst 1872 JS.jpg
Leader Georg von Vincke Benedict Waldeck Ludwig Windthorst
Party Old Liberals DFP Federal Constitutional Party
Leader since 1858 1867 1866
Last election Reichstag created Reichstag created
Seats won 27 19 18

  Seventh party
  No image.svg
Party Free Association
Last election Reichstag created
Seats won 14

Karte der Reichstagswahlen Februar 1867.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Position Established

Elected President of the Reichstag

Eduard von Simson

Elections to the Constituent Reichstag of the North German Confederation were held on 12 February 1867, with run-off elections during the following weeks. The National Liberal Party emerged as the largest party, winning 80 seats and receiving strong support in Hanover, Kassel and Nassau.[1] Voter turnout was around 65% in Prussian constituencies.[2] After the Constituent Reichstag had drawn up and agreed a constitution, fresh elections were held in August.

Electoral system[edit]

The North German Confederation were divided into 297 single-member electoral constituencies, of which 236 were in Prussia. All men over the age of 25 and not in receipt of public assistance were eligible to vote.[2]


Party Seats
National Liberal Party 80
Conservative Party 59
Free Conservative Party 39
Old Liberals 27
German Progress Party 19
Federal State Constitutional Association 18
Free Association 14
Poles 13
Independent liberals 11
Independent conservatives 8
Danes 2
Saxon People's Party 2
Others 5
Total 297


  1. ^ Helmut Walser Smith (2011) The Oxford Handbook of Modern German History Oxford University Press, p294
  2. ^ a b Smith, p293