1964 college football season

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The NCAA was without a playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, later known as Division I-A, during the 20th century. The NCAA recognizes Division I-A national champions based on the final results of polls including the "wire service" (AP and UPI), FWAA and NFF. The 1964 AP poll continued to rank only ten teams, compiling the votes of 55 sportswriters, each of whom would give their opinion of the ten best. Under a point system of 10 points for first place, 9 for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined.

In the preseason poll, Mississippi (Ole Miss Rebels) was first with 425 points and the Oklahoma Sooners second with 400 points.[2] As the regular season progressed, an updated poll was issued on Mondays; and the "writers' poll" by Associated Press (AP) was the most popular.[citation needed]

The Associated Press presented the AP Trophy to the Alabama Crimson Tide due to their 10–0 regular season record and their #1 finish in the AP poll. The Arkansas Razorbacks also had a 10–0 regular season in 1964, but finished #2 in the final AP poll. On New Year's Day, the Crimson Tide lost to #5 Texas Longhorns 21–17 in the Orange Bowl to finish the season with a 10–1 record. Arkansas had beaten the defending national champions, then #1, at Austin in October, and finished its season undefeated, 11–0, with a 10–7 win over seventh-ranked Nebraska Cornhuskers in the Cotton Bowl.

Since there were no further polls, Alabama's national championship was unaffected, despite Arkansas' undefeated, untied season and its win over the common opponent. The UPI Poll in 1964 also named its national champion before the bowl games were played. However, Arkansas was named national champion by the Football Writers Association of America. After a one-year trial run in 1965, the AP Poll began its current practice of naming their national champion at the conclusion of the bowl games in 1968. The UPI Poll followed suit in 1974; its national champions in 1965, 1970, and 1973 lost their respective bowl games.

Conference and program changes[edit]

  • The Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association changed its official name to the Big Eight Conference prior the 1964 season; this name remained until the league's dissolution and formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1995.
  • The Southland Conference began its first season of play with five members, all former independents, from the states of Arkansas and Texas.
School 1963 Conference 1964 Conference
Abilene Christian Wildcats Independent Southland
Arkansas State Indians Independent Southland
Arlington State Mavericks Independent Southland
Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Southeastern Independent
Lamar Tech Cardinals Independent Southland
Oregon Webfoots Independent AAWU
Oregon State Beavers Independent AAWU
Trinity (TX) Tigers Independent Southland

September[edit]

In the preseason poll released on September 14, Mississippi (Ole Miss) was ranked first and Oklahoma second. Big Ten rivals Illinois and Ohio State were ranked #3 and #5 respectively, while 1963 champion Texas was #4. On September 19, #1 Mississippi beat Memphis State 30–0 at home, while #2 Oklahoma beat Maryland 13–3 on the road at College Park. #4 Texas defeated Tulane 31–0 at home.

The following week (September 26), #1 Mississippi was upset 27–21 by a late Kentucky touchdown at Jackson, and #2 Oklahoma was crushed by the USC Trojans, 40–14, before a record home crowd. #3 Illinois beat California 20–14, and #4 Texas shut out Texas Tech 23–0. #5 Ohio State defeated SMU at home, 27–8. In the poll that followed, the Texas Longhorns were the new #1 and USC #2, followed by Illinois, Alabama, and Ohio State.

October[edit]

On October 3, #1 Texas beat Army 17–6 at home. Meanwhile, #2 USC lost 17–7 at Michigan State and #3 Illinois won 17–6 over Northwestern. #3 Alabama beat Tulane in a neutral site game at Mobile, 36–6. #5 Ohio State beat Indiana at home, 17–9. Previously unranked Kentucky earned a spot in the next poll after beating Auburn 20–0 in Birmingham. Two games, Duke at Tulane and Florida at LSU, were postponed until the end of the season due to the threat of Hurricane Hilda, which made landfall in Louisiana that day.
The top 5: 1.Texas 2.Illinois 3.Alabama 4.Ohio State 5.Kentucky.

Top-ranked Texas beat Oklahoma 28–7 at Dallas on October 10. Visiting #4 Ohio State shut out #2 Illinois 26–0 in the Big Ten, and #3 Alabama beat North Carolina State 21-0. #5 Kentucky, previously 3–0, was beaten 48–6 by Florida State, the start of a four-game losing streak en route to a 5–5 season. Two road wins moved teams into the top five: #6 Notre Dame won 34–7 at Air Force and #8 Michigan won 17–10 at Michigan State.
The top 5 were 1.Texas 2.Ohio State 3.Alabama 4.Notre Dame 5.Michigan.

On October 17, #8 Arkansas beat #1 Texas at Austin, 14–13, stopping a late two-point conversion attempt. #2 Ohio State beat the USC Trojans in Columbus, 17–0. #3 Alabama and #4 Notre Dame remained unbeaten, defeating Tennessee (19–8) and UCLA (24–0) respectively. #5 Michigan lost to Purdue 21–20. Ohio State was the new #1. #6 Nebraska, which had beaten Kansas State 47–0 (and outscored its opponents 171–34 in five wins), took over fifth place.
The rankings were 1.Ohio State 2.Notre Dame 3.Alabama 4.Arkansas 5.Nebraska.

October 24 had #1 Ohio State over Wisconsin at home, 28–3. #2 Notre Dame beat Stanford 26–7, #3 Alabama beat Florida 17–14. #4 Arkansas beat Wichita State 17–0, and #5 Nebraska beat Colorado 21–3. The top five remained unchanged.

October 31, #1 Ohio State beat Iowa 21–19, while #2 Notre Dame defeated Navy 40–0. In the next poll, the Fighting Irish rose to #1 . #3 Alabama (23–6 over Ole Miss), #4 Arkansas (17–0 over Texas A&M) and #5 Nebraska (9–0 over Missouri) remained unbeaten.

November[edit]

November 7, #1 Notre Dame beat the Pitt Panthers at Pittsburgh 17–15. Meanwhile, #2 Ohio State suffered its first loss to unranked (3–4) Penn State, 27–0. #3 Alabama (17–9 over LSU), #4 Arkansas (21–0 vs. Rice) and #5 Nebraska (14–7 over Kansas) stayed unbeaten, and moved up in the poll. Texas (7–1), whose lone loss had been to Arkansas, was fifth after a 20–14 win at Baylor.

November 14, #1 Notre Dame defeated Michigan State 34–7, and #2 Alabama beat Georgia Tech in Atlanta, 14–7, to stay unbeaten. Also unblemished were #3 Arkansas (44–0 over SMU) and #4 Nebraska (27–14 vs. Oklahoma State). #5 Texas won 28–13 over TCU. The poll remained unchanged (1.Notre Dame 2.Alabama 3.Arkansas 4.Nebraska 5.Texas)

November 21, #1 Notre Dame beat Iowa in South Bend, 28–0. #3 Arkansas beat Texas Tech 17–0 to close its regular season with five straight shutouts, unbeaten at 10–0. #4 Nebraska suffered its first loss at Oklahoma, 17–7. Michigan defeated Ohio State 10–7 to win the Big Ten title and a berth in the Rose Bowl. In the November 23 AP poll, unbeaten Notre Dame, Alabama, and Arkansas were first, second, and third, followed by Texas and Michigan.

November 26–28, Thanksgiving Day saw #2 Alabama finish the regular season unbeaten (10–0) with a 21–14 win over Auburn in Birmingham. #5 Texas beat Texas A&M 26–7 to finish 10–1. On November 28 in Los Angeles, #1 Notre Dame led USC 17–0 at halftime but lost, 20–17. With only Alabama and Arkansas remaining unbeaten, both with records of 10–0, the final AP poll was taken on November 30. Alabama took over the top spot and recognition as the NCAA national champion. Arkansas was second, Texas rose to third, Notre Dame dropped to fourth, and Michigan was fifth.

Alabama won the SEC championship, but a "no repeat rule" prevented them from playing in the Sugar Bowl for a second straight year. The Orange Bowl invited Alabama and Texas on November 21.[3] The Cotton Bowl had invited then-unbeaten Nebraska on November 15 to play unbeaten Southwestern Conference champion Arkansas.[4] As such, there would be no #1 vs. #2 matchup in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Notre Dame declined to play in a bowl game. The Irish did not play in any bowl games for over forty years, until the 1969 season.

Conference standings[edit]

1964 AAWU football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#8 Oregon State ^ + 3 1 0     8 3 0
#10 USC + 3 1 0     7 3 0
Washington 5 2 0     6 4 0
UCLA 2 2 0     4 6 0
Stanford 3 4 0     5 5 0
Oregon 1 2 1     7 2 1
Washington State 1 2 1     3 6 1
California 0 4 0     3 7 0
  • + – Conference co-champions
  • ^ – Rose Bowl representative determined by longest absence, due to no head-to-head result and 4-4 tie in member vote.
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 ACC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
NC State $ 5 2 0     5 5 0
Duke 3 2 1     4 5 1
Maryland 4 3 0     5 5 0
North Carolina 4 3 0     5 5 0
Wake Forest 4 3 0     5 5 0
South Carolina 2 3 1     3 5 2
Clemson 2 4 0     3 7 0
Virginia 1 5 0     5 5 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll[5]
1964 Big 8 football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#6 Nebraska $ 6 1 0     9 2 0
Oklahoma 5 1 1     6 4 1
Kansas 5 2 0     6 4 0
Missouri 4 2 1     6 3 1
Oklahoma State 3 4 0     4 6 0
Kansas State 3 4 0     3 7 0
Colorado 1 6 0     2 8 0
Iowa State 0 7 0     1 8 1
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 NCAA University Division independents football records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#3 Notre Dame         9 1 0
Florida State         9 1 1
Colgate         7 2 0
Georgia Tech         7 3 0
Syracuse         7 4 0
Villanova         6 2 0
Boston College         6 3 0
Rutgers         6 3 0
Southern Miss         6 3 0
New Mexico State         6 4 0
Penn State         6 4 0
VPI         6 4 0
Memphis State         5 4 0
Utah State         5 4 1
Holy Cross         5 5 0
Buffalo         4 4 1
Colorado State         5 6 0
Air Force         4 5 1
Miami (FL)         4 5 1
Xavier         4 5 1
Army         4 6 0
Idaho         4 6 0
West Texas State         4 6 0
San Jose State         4 6 0
Pittsburgh         3 5 2
Navy         3 6 1
Dayton         3 7 0
Detroit         3 7 0
Boston University         2 7 0
Houston         2 6 1
Pacific (CA)         1 9 0
Texas Western         0 8 2
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Big Ten football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#4 Michigan $ 6 1 0     9 1 0
#9 Ohio State 5 1 0     7 2 0
Purdue 5 2 0     6 3 0
Illinois 4 3 0     6 3 0
Minnesota 4 3 0     5 4 0
Michigan State 3 3 0     4 5 0
Northwestern 2 5 0     3 6 0
Wisconsin 2 5 0     3 6 0
Iowa 1 5 0     3 6 0
Indiana 1 5 0     2 7 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Ivy League football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Princeton $ 7 0 0     9 0 0
Harvard 5 2 0     6 3 0
Yale 4 2 1     6 2 1
Dartmouth 4 3 0     6 3 0
Cornell 3 4 0     3 5 1
Brown 3 4 0     5 4 0
Columbia 1 5 1     2 6 1
Penn 0 7 0     1 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Mid-American Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Bowling Green $ 5 1 0     9 1 0
Marshall 4 2 0     7 3 0
Miami (OH) 4 2 0     6 3 1
Ohio 3 2 1     5 4 1
Western Michigan 2 4 0     3 6 0
Kent State 1 4 1     3 5 1
Toledo 1 5 0     2 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Cincinnati $ 3 0 0     8 2 0
Tulsa 3 1 0     9 2 0
Wichita State 2 2 0     4 6 0
North Texas State 1 3 0     2 7 1
Louisville 0 3 0     1 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1964 SEC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#1 Alabama $ 8 0 0     10 1 0
Georgia 4 2 0     7 3 1
Florida 4 2 0     7 3 0
Kentucky 4 2 0     5 5 0
#7 LSU 4 2 1     8 2 1
Auburn 3 3 0     6 4 0
Ole Miss 2 4 1     5 5 1
Mississippi State 2 5 0     4 6 0
Vanderbilt 1 4 1     3 6 1
Tennessee 1 5 1     4 5 1
Tulane 1 4 0     3 7 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Southern Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team   W   L         W   L  
West Virginia $   5 0         7 4  
Virginia Tech   3 1         6 4  
George Washington   3 2         5 4  
The Citadel   4 3         4 6  
William & Mary   4 3         4 6  
Richmond   2 4         3 7  
Davidson   1 3         3 6  
Furman   1 4         3 7  
VMI   1 4         1 9  
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
#2 Arkansas $ 7 0 0     11 0 0
#5 Texas 6 1 0     10 1 0
Baylor 4 3 0     5 5 0
Texas Tech 3 3 1     6 4 1
Rice 3 3 1     4 5 1
TCU 3 4 0     4 6 0
Texas A&M 1 6 0     1 9 0
SMU 0 7 0     1 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 WAC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
New Mexico + 3 1 0     9 2 0
Utah + 3 1 0     9 2 0
Arizona + 3 1 0     6 3 1
Wyoming 2 2 0     6 2 2
Arizona State 0 2 0     8 2 0
BYU 0 4 0     3 6 1
  • + – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll

Bowl games[edit]

Major bowls[edit]

Friday, January 1, 1965

Bowl
COTTON #2 Arkansas Razorbacks 10 #6 Nebraska Cornhuskers 7
SUGAR #7 LSU Tigers 10 Syracuse Orangemen 7
ROSE #4 Michigan Wolverines 34 #8 Oregon State Beavers 7
ORANGE #5 Texas Longhorns 21 #1 Alabama Crimson Tide 17

Top-ranked Alabama, led by quarterback Joe Namath, fell to #5 Texas 21–17 in the Orange Bowl, the first night postseason bowl game. In the final minutes, down by four and facing 4th-and-goal at the Texas one-yard line, Namath's quarterback sneak was denied by the Longhorn defense. In the Cotton Bowl, quarterback Fred Marshall drove #2 Arkansas to a touchdown with 4:41 left to beat #6 Nebraska 10–7. Notable members of the 1964 Arkansas team include Jerry Jones, who would later become a billionaire as owner of the Dallas Cowboys of the NFL, and Jimmy Johnson, whom Jones would hire as coach of the Cowboys. #5 Michigan routed #8 Oregon State 34–7 in the Rose Bowl, while in the Sugar Bowl, #7 LSU beat unranked Syracuse 10–7 on a late field goal.

A five-member committee of the Football Writers Association of America awarded Arkansas the "Grantland Rice Trophy" as the #1 team in a poll taken after the bowl games. The Helms Athletic Foundation, which also took polls after the bowl games, named Arkansas as the national champions. Notre Dame was named as the National Football Foundation's national champion. In 1965, the AP's final poll came after the bowl games, but the policy did not become permanent until 1968. The Coaches' Poll adopted the same policy in 1974, after similar issues in 1970 and 1973. These selectors, including the AP Poll and the Coaches' Poll, were nationally syndicated in newspapers and magazines during the 1964 football season.[6]

Other bowls[edit]

BOWL Location Date Winner Score Runner-up
SUN El Paso, TX December 26 Georgia 7–0 Texas Tech
GATOR Jacksonville, FL January 2 Florida State 36–19 Oklahoma
BLUEBONNET Houston, TX December 19 Tulsa 14–7 Mississippi
LIBERTY Atlantic City, NJ December 19 Utah 32–6 West Virginia
  • Prior to the 1975 season, the Big Ten and Pac-8 (AAWU) conferences allowed only one postseason participant each, for the Rose Bowl.
  • Notre Dame did not play in the postseason for 44 consecutive seasons (19251968).

Heisman Trophy[edit]

  1. John Huarte, QB - Notre Dame, 1,026 points
  2. Jerry Rhome, QB - Tulsa, 952
  3. Dick Butkus, C-LB - Illinois, 505
  4. Bob Timberlake, QB-K - Michigan, 361
  5. Jack Snow, WR - Notre Dame, 187
  6. Tucker Frederickson, FB - Auburn, 184
  7. Craig Morton, QB - California, 181
  8. Steve DeLong, NG - Tennessee, 176
  9. Cosmo Iacavazzi, RB - Princeton, 165
  10. Brian Piccolo, RB - Wake Forest, 124
  11. Joe Namath, QB - Alabama
  12. Gale Sayers, RB - Kansas
  13. Bob Berry, QB - Oregon
  14. Archie Roberts, QB - Columbia

Source:[7][8]

Other champions[edit]

College Division[edit]

Prior to 1973, the NCAA was divided into two divisions, University and College. College Division teams (also referred to as "small college") were ranked in polls by the AP (a panel of writers) and by UPI (coaches). The national champion(s) for each season were determined by the final poll rankings, published at or near the end of the regular season, before any bowl games were played.

College Division final polls[edit]

In 1964, UPI's top ranked team was the 9–0 Los Angeles State Diablos (now the Cal State Los Angeles Golden Eagles, who last had a football team in 1977). The 8–0 Wittenberg Tigers (now a Division III team) were top ranked by the AP panel, and second in the UPI poll.

College Division bowls[edit]

The postseason consisted of four bowls as regional finals, played on December 12.

Bowl Region Location Winning team Losing team Ref
Tangerine East Orlando, FL East Carolina 14 Massachusetts 13 [11]
Grantland Rice Mideast Murfreesboro, TN Middle Tennessee State 20 Muskingum (OH) 0 [12]
Pecan Midwest Abilene, TX State College (IA) 19 Lamar Tech (TX) 17 [13]
Camellia West Sacramento, CA Montana State 28 Sacramento State 7 [14]

Conference standings[edit]

1964 Big Sky football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Montana State $^ 3 0 0     7 4 0
Idaho State 2 1 0     6 3 0
Montana 1 2 0     3 6 0
Weber State 0 3 0     2 6 0
  • $ – Conference champion
  • ^ – Division II playoff participant
  • Idaho was an independent in football.
1964 California Collegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Cal St Los Angeles $ 5 0 0     9 0 0
San Diego State 4 1 0     8 2 0
Cal State Long Beach 3 2 0     8 2 0
Fresno State 1 3 0     4 6 0
Valley State 1 3 0     4 6 0
Cal Poly 0 5 0     0 10 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1964 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Sacramento State $ 4 0 1     8 2 1
Humboldt State 4 1 0     8 2 0
San Francisco State 3 1 1     6 3 1
UC Davis 2 3 0     3 6 0
Nevada 1 4 0     1 9 0
Chico State 0 5 0     0 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion

NAIA[edit]

In the NAIA championship game, the Cobbers of Minnesota's Concordia College and the Bearkats of Sam Houston State University played to a 7–7 tie.

Minor conference champions[edit]

Conference Champion Record
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Albion 5–0–0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?appollid=285
  2. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/
  3. ^ "Orange Bowl Wants Tide, Longhorns," Kingsport Times News November 22, 1964, pC-1
  4. ^ "Nebraska Agrees to Play Arkansas in Cotton Bowl," The Post Standard (Syracuse, NY) November 16, 1964, p17
  5. ^ "1964 Atlantic Coast Conference Year Summary". sports-reference.com. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ "National Poll Champions" (PDF). NCAA. p. 70. Retrieved 2011-07-29. 
  7. ^ "Huarte wins Heisman gridiron trophy". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. November 25, 1964. p. 1, sec. 3. 
  8. ^ "John Huarte". Heisman Trophy. 1964. Retrieved January 24, 2017. 
  9. ^ AP (November 25, 1964). "Wittenberg Tops Small College Poll"Paid subscription required. The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. Retrieved February 21, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  10. ^ UPI (December 3, 1964). "Wittenberg Nosed Out For Grid Poll Crown"Paid subscription required. The Times Recorder. Zanesville, Ohio. Retrieved February 18, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  11. ^ "East Carolina wins Tangerine Bowl 14-13". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. (South Carolina). Associated Press. December 13, 1964. p. D-2. 
  12. ^ AP (December 13, 1964). "Ohioans Cooked In Rice Bowl"Paid subscription required. News-Journal. Mansfield, Ohio. Retrieved January 27, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  13. ^ "Iowa Team tops Lamar Tech, 19-17". New York Times. UPI. December 13, 1964. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Bobcats win Camellia Bowl 28-7". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. December 13, 1964. p. 1, sports.