1992 Galvarino, provisional designation 1968 OD, is an asteroid in the asteroid belt that was discovered by Chilean astronomers Carlos Torres and S. Cofre at the National Astronomical Observatory's Cerro El Roble Station on 18 July 1968. The asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.8–3.1 AU about once every 5 years (1,892 days). It has a rotation period of 7 hours and its orbit has a low eccentricity of 0.048.
The asteroid was named after the Mapuche warrior Galvarino, the heroic figure during the Arauco War, a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people of the 16th century in what is now Chile. He was condemned by the Spanish soldiers to have his hands cut off and then to be freed as a living lesson to other Indians. Since his request for death was not granted, he promised revenge. He continued to fight the conquerors until recaptured and condemned to the gallows.