|Discovered by||C. Torres
|Discovery site||Cerro El Roble Station|
|Discovery date||18 July 1968|
|MPC designation||1992 Galvarino|
|main-belt · Eos |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 13 January 2016 (JD 2457400.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||47.51 yr (17353 days)|
|Aphelion||3.1368 AU (469.26 Gm)|
|Perihelion||2.8496 AU (426.29 Gm)|
|2.9932 AU (447.78 Gm)|
|5.18 yr (1891.5 d)|
|0° 11m 25.188s / day|
|Earth MOID||1.85717 AU (277.829 Gm)|
|Jupiter MOID||1.94552 AU (291.046 Gm)|
|Jupiter Tisserand parameter||3.228|
|Dimensions||±0.105 km 9.597
10.24 km (calculated)
|7.004 h (0.2918 d)|
1992 Galvarino, provisional designation 1968 OD, is a stony asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, about 10 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by Chilean astronomers Carlos Torres and S. Cofre at the National Astronomical Observatory's Cerro El Roble Station on 18 July 1968.
The S-type asteroid is a member of the Eos family, an orbital group of more than 4,000 asteroids, which are well known for mostly being of stony composition with a relatively high albedo. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.8–3.1 AU once every 5 years and 2 months (1,892 days). Its orbit shows a low eccentricity of 0.05 and is tilted by 11 degrees to the plane of the ecliptic. It has a rotation period of 7 hours and an albedo of about 0.14, based on the surveys carried out by the WISE satellite and its subsequent NEOWISE mission.
The asteroid was named after the Mapuche warrior Galvarino, the heroic figure during the Arauco War, a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people of the 16th century in what is now Chile. He was condemned by the Spanish soldiers to have his hands cut off and then to be freed as a living lesson to other Indians. Since his request for death was not granted, he promised revenge. He continued to fight the conquerors until recaptured and condemned to the gallows.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1992 Galvarino (1968 OD)" (2015-11-14 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1992) Galvarino. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 161. ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "LCDB Data for (1992) Galvarino". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 17 December 2015.
- Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
- Birlan, M.; Barucci, M. A.; Angeli, C. A.; Doressoundiram, A.; De Sanctis, M. C. (June 1996). "Rotational properties of asteroids: CCD observations of nine small asteroids". Planetary and Space Science. 44 (6): 555–558. Bibcode:1996P&SS...44..555B. doi:10.1016/0032-0633(96)00019-0. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
- "1992 Galvarino (1968 OD)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Galvarino (archived from geocities.com)
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 1992 Galvarino at the JPL Small-Body Database
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