(469306) 1999 CD158

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(469306) 1999 CD158
Discovery [1]
Discovered by J. X. Luu
D. C. Jewitt
C. Trujillo
Discovery site Mauna Kea Obs.
Discovery date 10 February 1999
Designations
MPC designation (469306) 1999 CD158
1999 CD158
TNO[1] · 4:7 resonance[2]
distant[3] · detached[4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 3
Observation arc 16.18 yr (5,908 days)
Aphelion 50.139 AU
Perihelion 37.410 AU
43.775 AU
Eccentricity 0.1454
289.63 yr (105,787 days)
250.48°
0° 0m 12.24s / day
Inclination 25.486°
119.03°
143.51°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 420.27 km (calculated)[5]
440 km[2]
477 km (estimated)[6]
6.88±0.02 h[7]
0.10 (assumed)[5]
IR[2][8] · C[5]
B–V = 0.770[9] · 0.830[10] · 0.864[11] · 0.860[8]
V–R = 0.630[9] · 0.510[10] · 0.520[11] · 0.520[8]
V–I = 1.110[9] · 1.092[11] · 1.100[8]
21.8[12]
4.837±0.111 (R)[13] · 5.0[1][5]

(469306) 1999 CD158, provisional designation 1999 CD158, is a resonant trans-Neptunian object and possible dwarf planet from the circumstellar disc of the Kuiper belt in the outer Solar System, approximately 440 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 10 February 1999, by astronomers Jane Luu, David Jewitt and Chad Trujillo at Mauna Kea Observatories on the Big Island of Hawaii, United States.[3]

Orbit and classification[edit]

1999 CD158 is candidate to the Haumea family, the only collisional group of trans-Neptunian objects currently determined.[7] It is also sub-classified as a resonant trans-Neptunian object, as it stays in an 4:7 orbital resonance with the ice giant Neptune, which means, that for every seven orbits of Neptune around the Sun, it makes four orbits. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 37.4–50.1 AU once every 289 years and 8 months (105,787 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.15 and an inclination of 25° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Its observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Mauna Kea in 1999, as no precoveries were taken and no prior identifications were made.[3] As of 2017 its current position is at 46.7 AU from the Sun.[14]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Photometry[edit]

Photometric observation of 1999 CD158 in March 2015, gave a classically shaped bimodal lightcurve with a rotation period of 6.88 hours and a large brightness variation of 0.49 magnitude (U=3-).[7]

Observations with the New Technology Telescope at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile in 2008, determined the body's BVRI colors to be 0.770 (B–V), 0.630 (V–R) and 1.110 (V–I) for their respective passbands.[9] Color indices have since been repeatedly measured.[5]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to estimates by the Johnston's archive, the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link and American astronomer Michael Brown, 1999 CD158 measures between 420 and 477 kilometers in diameter.[5][2][6] It is "probably" a dwarf planet" according to Brown's assessment (see List of possible dwarf planets § List).[6]

Naming[edit]

As of 2017, this minor planet remains remained.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 469306 (1999 CD158)" (2015-04-15 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "List of known trans-Neptunian objects". Johnstonsarchive.net. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "469306 (1999 CD158)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Marc W. Buie (2012-02-04). "Orbit Fit and Astrometric record for 99CD158". SwRI (Space Science Department). Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (469306)". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c Michael E. Brown (February 3, 2012). "How many dwarf planets are there in the outer solar system?". California Institute of Technology. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c Thirouin, Audrey; Sheppard, Scott S.; Noll, Keith S.; Moskovitz, Nicholas A.; Ortiz, Jose Luis; Doressoundiram, Alain (June 2016). "Rotational Properties of the Haumea Family Members and Candidates: Short-term Variability". The Astronomical Journal. 151 (6): 20. arXiv:1603.04406Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016AJ....151..148T. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/151/6/148. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d Belskaya, Irina N.; Barucci, Maria A.; Fulchignoni, Marcello; Dovgopol, Anatolij N. (April 2015). "Updated taxonomy of trans-neptunian objects and centaurs: Influence of albedo". Icarus. 250: 482–491. Bibcode:2015Icar..250..482B. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2014.12.004. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d Snodgrass, C.; Carry, B.; Dumas, C.; Hainaut, O. (February 2010). "Characterisation of candidate members of (136108) Haumea's family". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 511: 9. arXiv:0912.3171Freely accessible. Bibcode:2010A&A...511A..72S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913031. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  10. ^ a b Carry, B.; Snodgrass, C.; Lacerda, P.; Hainaut, O.; Dumas, C. (August 2012). "Characterisation of candidate members of (136108) Haumea's family. II. Follow-up observations". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 544: 7. arXiv:1207.6491Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...544A.137C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219044. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c Hainaut, O. R.; Boehnhardt, H.; Protopapa, S. (October 2012). "Colours of minor bodies in the outer solar system. II. A statistical analysis revisited". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 546: 20. arXiv:1209.1896Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...546A.115H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219566. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  12. ^ AstDys Summary for 1999 CD158, retrieved 2012-02-04
  13. ^ Peixinho, N.; Delsanti, A.; Guilbert-Lepoutre, A.; Gafeira, R.; Lacerda, P. (October 2012). "The bimodal colors of Centaurs and small Kuiper belt objects". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 546: 12. arXiv:1206.3153Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..86P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219057. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  14. ^ AstDys Ephmerides for 1999 CD158, retrieved 2012-02-04

External links[edit]