1st Light Car Patrol (Australia)

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1st Light Car Patrol
Australian light car patrol.jpg
Model T Ford Utility manned by Australian soldiers and armed with Vickers .303 machine gun mounted on a tripod
Active 1916–19
Country Australia
Branch Australian Army
Type Armoured Car
Role Patrol
Part of Australian Imperial Force
Colors Blue and White
Engagements

World War I

Insignia
Unit Colour Patch 1st-light-car-patrol-badge.svg

The 1st Light Car Patrol was formed in Melbourne during 1916 as part of the Australian Imperial Force during World War I. First named the 1st Armoured Car Section, it was also known as the 1st Armoured Car Battery. Equipped with three armoured cars built at the Vulcan Engineering Works in South Melbourne, a 50 hp (37 kW) Daimler, a 60 hp (45 kW) Mercedes and a 50 hp (37 kW) Minerva.[1]

All were armoured and the Daimler and Mercedes were armed with Colt machine guns. The unit fought against the Senussi in the Sudan and Western Desert. The 1st Armoured Car Section became the 1st Light Car Patrol on 3 December. As their original three vehicles became worn out from hard use in the Western Desert and were irreparable due to shortages of spare parts, the unit was reequipped with six Ford light cars. Extra drivers and motorcycles were provided. The cars were given names: Anzac, Billzac, Osatal, Silent Sue, Imshi and Bung. These were traded in for six new Fords on 11 December 1917.[2]

In May 1917 the unit was redeployed to Palestine by rail, and served throughout the campaign there.[2] Like similar British units of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force it was used to conduct long range reconnaissance and patrol duties, often operating well in advance of forward cavalry units. By November 1918 they had reached Aleppo with the British Indian 5th Cavalry Division, where they were believed to be the furthest advanced Australian unit at the conclusion of the campaign.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""CAMERODDITIES" FROM READERS". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 25 January 1941. p. 7 Supplement: The Argus Week-end Magazine. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Mallett, Ross. "Part B: Branches – Armoured Cars". First AIF Order of Battle 1914–1918. Australian Defence Force Academy. Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Bou 2010, p. 138.
Sources
  • Bou, Jean (2010). Australia's Palestine Campaign. Australian Army Campaign Series. 7. Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Army History Unit. ISBN 9780980810004. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Finlayson, David; Cecil, Michael (2015). Pioneers of Australian Armour In the Great War. Newport, New South Wales: Big Sky Publishing. ISBN 9781925275261.