1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery Regiment
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|1st Regiment, Minnesota Heavy Artillery|
Flag of Minnesota
|Active||November, 1864 to September 27, 1865|
|Colonel William J. Colvill|
The 1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery mustered in at St. Paul, and Rochester, Minnesota, between November 1864 and February 1865. Many of the officers were recruited from discharged veterans: sergeants from the 1st Minnesota while corporals came from the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Minnesota Vol. Regiments. The 1st Minnesota Heavy was composed of twelve companies / batteries, of 140 men plus officers in each. It was the largest unit Minnesota sent to war numbering 1700 men
The regiment was assigned to garrison duty at Chattanooga, Tennessee. There it was in charge of the heavy guns at forts defending the city in anticipation Southern General John Hood might try and retake the Chattanooga. The regiment, which saw no combat action, remained there until the close of the war. The 1st Minnesota "Heavies" were mustered out of service on September 27, 1865.
Albert Woolson, who was a 14-year-old company drummer in the regiment, became the last surviving veteran of the American Civil War from either side. He died in 1956.
Battles and campaigns
- Lt. Colonel Luther L. Baxter, February 25, 1865, to April 26, 1865.
- Colonel William Colvill, April 26, 1865, to May 6, 1865.
- Colonel Luther L. Baxter, May 7, 1865, to September 27, 1865.
Casualties and total strength
The regiment lost 87 enlisted men to disease. Many more suffered from scurvy and would never regain complete health.
- Andrews, C. C., ed. (1891). Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars 1861–1865. St. Paul, Minn: Printed for the state by the Pioneer Press Co.
- The Union Army; A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861–65, Vol 4. Federal Publishing Co. 1908.