Annot derailment

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Annot derailment
Photograph of a Type AMP800 diesel multiple unit, the type of train involved in the accident.
The train involved in the accident was a type AMP800 diesel multiple unit, two of which are pictured.
Date 8 February 2014
Location Between Annot and Saint-Benoît, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Country France
Rail line Nice – Digne-les-Bains
Operator Chemins de Fer de Provence
Type of incident Derailment
Cause Rockfall
Statistics
Trains One
Passengers 34
Deaths 2
Injuries 20

The Annot derailment occurred on 8 February 2014 when a train travelling from Nice to Digne-les-Bains on the Chemins de Fer de Provence was hit by a rock which fell down a mountain side. Both vehicles of the train were derailed, killing two people and injuring 20 others.

Accident[edit]

At 11:10 local time (10:10 UTC) on 8 February 2014,[1] the 09:25 passenger train travelling from Nice to Digne-les-Bains operated by the Chemins de Fer de Provence was derailed when it was struck by a 10 tonnes (22,000 lb) rock which had fallen down a mountain and hit the train as it was passing.[2] Two people were killed and 20 were injured.[3] Both victims were travelling in the part of the train that was struck by the rock.[1] The train was carrying 34 passengers in addition to the driver.[4] The train involved was an AMP800 diesel multiple unit.[5][6]

The accident occurred in a remote location between Annot and Saint-Benoît, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.[7][8] Two helicopters were sent to the scene, as well as 110 firefighters in 32 vehicles.[5] Those not requiring medical attention were evacuated to Annot.[8] Of the two victims, one was a 49-year-old Russian national and the other an 82-year-old French national.[9][10] Four people remained in hospital at least overnight.[11]

Investigation[edit]

An investigation into the accident was begun by the French Land Transport Accident Investigation Bureau (BEA-TT) and the Institut de recherche criminelle de la gendarmerie nationale (IRCGN) on 9 February. The scene was scanned with lasers and a 3D computer generated recreation of the accident was made to assist with the investigation.[11] The line was to remain closed whilst the investigation continued, with no firm date set for reopening.[10] It was reported that the weather in the preceding days had been alternating between rain and snow, with the freeze-thaw effect possibly contributing to the cause of the rockfall.[1] The two train event recorders were retrieved from the wreckage of the train on 18 February.[12]

Aftermath[edit]

As of 25 February 2014, the railway was still closed; Route nationale 202 (RN 202), which was below the railway, was also closed, as it had been since the derailment. This resulted in numerous and diverse transport problems in the small towns in the area. A mayors' meeting scheduled for 26 February at Dignes was to call for a quick RN 202 reopening.[13]

Similar accidents[edit]

Other instances of trains actually being struck by falling rocks and being derailed include –

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "VIDEOS. Ce que l'on sait du déraillement du train des Pignes" [VIDEOS: What is known anout the derailment of the Train des Pignes]. Nice-Matin (in French). 9 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "VIDEOS. Le train des Pignes déraille à Annot: deux morts, le plan rouge activé" [Train des Pignes derailed at Annot: Two dead, plan red activated]. Nice-Matin (in French). 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "2 dead, 7 injured as passenger train derails in French Alps". RT. 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Blair, David (8 February 2014). "Train derails in French Alps killing two". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Group. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "French Alps: Rock derails Nice to Digne-les-Bains train". BBC News Online. 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "CF de Provence". Continental Modeller. No. February 2014. Beer: Peco Publications & Publicity Ltd. pp. 94–101. ISSN 0955-1298. 
  7. ^ "Deux morts lors du déraillement d'un train dans les Alpes-de-Haute-Provence" [Two killed when a train derails in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]. AFP (in French). Le Monde. 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Two dead and several injured in French train derailment". Breaking News. 8 February 2014. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  9. ^ Allen, Peter (8 February 2014). "Two dead and seven injured as people are trapped in tourist train left dangling off cliff in French Alps after being hit by boulder 'the size of a car'". Mail Online. Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Accident du train des Pignes. Quatre personnes toujours hospitalisées" [Train des Pignes accident: Four people hospitalised today] (in French). Ouest-France. 9 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Déraillement du train des Pignes: reconstitution en 3D par les enquêteurs" [Derailment of the Train des Pignes: Reconstruction in 3D by investigators]. Nice-Matin (in French). 9 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Déraillement du train des Pignes: les "boites noires" récupérées" [Derailment of the Train des Pignes: "black boxes" recovered]. Nice-Matin (in French). 18 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Fermeture de la RN 202 : l'impatience du maire d'Entrevaux" [Closure of the RN 202: The impatience of the mayor of Entrevaux] (in French). France 3 Côte d'Azur. 24 February 2014. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Hoole, Ken (1983). Trains in Trouble. 4. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 24. ISBN 0-906899-07-9. 

Coordinates: 43°57′30″N 6°40′38″E / 43.9583°N 6.6773°E / 43.9583; 6.6773