22nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|22nd Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry|
Iowa state flag
|Active||September 9, 1862, to July 25, 1865|
|Engagements||Battle of Port Gibson
Battle of Champion Hill
Battle of Big Black River Bridge
Siege of Vicksburg
Battle of Opequan Creek (Third Winchester)
Battle of Fisher's Hill
Battle of Cedar Creek
The 22nd Iowa Infantry, also known as the "Johnson County Regiment", was organized at Iowa City, Iowa and mustered in for three years of Federal service on September 9, 1862. Companies A, B, F, G, H, I, and K were credited to Johnson County. Companies C, D and E were credited to Jasper, Monroe and Wapello counties, respectively.
After garrison duty in Missouri, the regiment served in Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign of 1863. The regiment was one of the first ashore in Mississippi after the river crossing on April 30, 1863, and was the only Union unit to breach the defenses of Vicksburg, MS during the general assault of May 22, 1863. In late 1863 and early 1864, the regiment participated in operations on the Texas Gulf Coast and in Louisiana. In May 1864, it was ordered to Virginia. The 22nd was one of only three regiments from Iowa to serve in Virginia, including during Gen. Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign of August–November 1864. It suffered heavy losses at the Third Battle of Winchester and the Battle of Cedar Creek.
After several months of occupation duty, the regiment was mustered out in Savannah, Georgia, on July 25, 1865.
The regiment is listed as one of Fox's "Fighting 300 Regiments."
Total strength and casualties
A total of 1084 men served in the 22nd Iowa at one time or another during its existence. It suffered 6 officers and 108 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 1 officer and 135 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 250 fatalities.
Other notable personnel
Lt. Col. Ephraim White, grandfather of football star and Supreme Court Justice Byron "Whizzer" White.
Sgt. Isaac Struble, attorney, and Congressman (1883–1891).
Capt. Samuel D. Pryce, delegate to first GAR convention; author of regimental history, Vanishing Footprints: The Twenty-Second Iowa Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War.
- http://iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan/mil506.htm Iowa Genweb Iowa in the Civil War Project after Logan, Guy E., Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 1
- http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/uniainf3.htm#22ndinf The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
- : http://www.northernsunprint.com/page/content.detail/id/502900/Leonidas-Mahlon-Godley---Iowa-Medal-of-Honor---Civil-War-By--Sue-Eckhoff--Grundy-County-Heritage-Museum.html?nav=5000#sthash.5LhkUlOT.dpuf[permanent dead link]
- Iowa Genweb Iowa in the Civil War Project after Logan, Guy E., Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 1