2572 Annschnell

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2572 Annschnell
Discovery [1]
Discovered by K. Reinmuth
Discovery site Heidelberg Obs.
Discovery date 17 February 1950
Designations
MPC designation (2572) Annschnell
Named after
Anneliese Schnell
(astronomer)[2]
1950 DL · 1969 LE
1977 SF · 1980 JN
main-belt · Vestian[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 67.05 yr (24,490 days)
Aphelion 2.7434 AU
Perihelion 2.0402 AU
2.3918 AU
Eccentricity 0.1470
3.70 yr (1,351 days)
314.72°
0° 15m 59.04s / day
Inclination 5.1404°
200.48°
51.599°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 3.424±0.142 km[4][5]
12.18 km (calculated)[3]
6.328±0.001 h[6]
0.057 (assumed)[3]
0.658±0.162[4][5]
CX [7] · C[3]
13.3[1][3] · 13.4[4] · 13.46±0.38[7]

2572 Annschnell, provisional designation 1950 DL, is a dynamical Vestian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 17 February 1950, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany, and named after Austrian astronomer Anneliese Schnell.[8]

Classification and orbit[edit]

Annschnell is a dynamical member of the Vesta family in the inner main-belt. Due to its carbonaceous rather than the typical V/J-type spectra it is possibly a Vestian Interloper, unrelated to the family's collisional core group.

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.0–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,351 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.15 and an inclination of 5° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Heidelberg, as no precoveries were taken, and no prior identifications were made.[8]

Physical characteristics[edit]

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Annschnell measures 3.424 kilometers in diameter and its surface has a high albedo of 0.658,[4][5] while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and consequently calculates a much larger diameter of 12.18 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.3.[3] PanSTARRS' large-scale photometric survey has classified Annschnell as a CX-subtype, an intermediary group between the carbonaceous C- and core X-type asteroids.[7]

In May 2006, the first and only rotational lightcurve of Annschnell was obtained from photometric observations by French amateur astronomer Laurent Bernasconi. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 6.328 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.76 magnitude (U=2+). The high amplitude indicates that the body has a non-spheroidal shape.

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after Austrian astronomer Anneliese Schnell (1941–2015) at the Vienna Observatory. She was the first woman on the board of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, an international society for German-speaking astronomers, since its founding in 1863.[2] As a stellar astronomer, her research included central stars of planetary nebulae, CP stars, binaries and different types of variable stars.[9]

In the 1990s, she became a member of the Working Group for the History of Astronomy of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, where she also works on problems in the history of astronomy, in particular on the meaning of the names and on the discovery circumstances of Johann Palisa's discoveries.[2]

Naming was proposed by Lutz D. Schmadel and endorsed by Edward Bowell and Brian Marsden.[2] Citation was prepared by Schmadel and published on 21 November 1991 (M.P.C. 19333).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2572 Annschnell (1950 DL)" (2017-03-07 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2572) Annschnell. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 210. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (2572) Annschnell". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (2572) Annschnell". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "2572 Annschnell (1950 DL)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Werner Weiss; Helmut Jenkner (14 September 2015). "Anneliese Schnell, a member of the A-star community, recently passed away". A peculiar Newsletter – Working Group on Ap and Related Stars, IAU. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 

External links[edit]