3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||121.18 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||51.0 °C (123.8 °F; 324.1 K)|
|Boiling point||226.0 °C (438.8 °F; 499.1 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Preparation and applications
The compound is prepared by two routes: hydrogenation of (2-chloromethyl)-4-nitrotoluene and reaction of the bromoxylene with ammonia. It is a precursor for the production of riboflavin (vitamin B2).
In 2003, more than twenty US Army troops were allegedly exposed to 3,4-xylidine during the occupation of Iraq, leading to a number of health complaints.
- M. Meyer "Xylidines" in Ullmann's Encylclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2012. doi:10.1002/14356007.a28_455
- "12 Years Later, a Mystery of Chemical Exposure in Iraq Clears Slightly". New York Times. May 14, 2015.
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